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Saturday, November 5, 2016

The VPR - Johnson State College collusion with fraudulently-recognized "Abenakis" of Vermont


"What is the status of the Abenaki Native Americans in Vermont today?" - Bethany Ladimer, Burlington
“What made me curious about this more than anything else, was how little I have heard in the last 35 years, which is how long I’ve lived in Vermont, about them,” Bethany says.
Bethany says she asked her question about Vermont’s Abenaki because they’re pretty much a total mystery to her. She says she heard a radio story once about how their language is disappearing, and she has some basic understanding of how colonization went. But on the whole, she has no good way of even placing the Abenaki in modern-day Vermont.
“It’s as though they were ghosts, and I had no way to see who they are,” she says. “I mean, I may be rubbing shoulders with them, every day, and not know it.”

And there’s another problem: Bethany says her children never learned about the Abenaki in school. She’s a former educator, and this lack of knowledge upsets her.

Does Ms. Bethany Ladimer, a former teacher/ educator have her head stuck in the Vermont soil? Obviously she hasn't been reading this blog! Of course, reading this blog, 95% percent of it isn't about the Abenakis, but about the fraudulent wannabiak of Vermont/New Hampshire/New England. 

Mentioning Richard Charles Holschuh Jr. from the very beginning, this liberal naive reporter of the VPR crew, Agnela Evancie ... along with this former teacher, Bethany Ladimer shamefully goes out to interview the leaders and allies of these fake groups, attempting to legitimize these groups claims and assertions. 

"Been here forever"? Bullsh** Their genealogical mapping shows very clearly who Donald Warren Stevens Jr.'s ancestor Phelps/ Philips/ Phillips ancestors come from. As well as the Coderre dit Emery, the Bessette's and Benoit dit Livernois etc. etc. 

Richard Holschuh Jr. claims he's of Mik'maq ancestry ... ok let's look at his ancestry and documents.

Donald Warren Stevens Jr. claims and asserts the Eugenics Survey of Vermont specifically targeted the Abenakis within the state. PROVE IT. Where are the Abenakis within the Eugenics Survey? 

The Attorney General's Office of Vermont stated and proved this was clearly not who the Eugenic's Survey of Vermont were targeting. In fact, the Eugenics Survey of Vermont weren't targeting the Abenakis, but rather, was targeting NEGROS in Vermont intermarried with WHITE / FRENCH marriages.

Vermont Public Radio advocates these LIES apparently. The VPR reporter(s) do not do their research/ homework.

The Evolution of Richard Charles Holschuh Jr.


Growing his hair longer

Patrick Leahy and Richard Charles Holschuh Jr.

Instant Shake and Bake Indian of Vermont

Richard Charles Holschuh Jr. "who traces his heritage to the Mi'kmaq tribe in Nova Scotia"

Shirley Therrien's daughter Amy, states that to be questioned and to have to "prove that they are Abenaki ... quote ... sucks." 

Because she and they, DO NOT WANT ANYONE to look deeper, to do the genealogies, do the homework ... to detect the LIES and DISTORTIONS coming from these groups since 1975.

There's no better way to do that (recognition) "Groom the next generation" with some song and dance.

Couldn't have said it better Agnela Evancie.

It is a fraudulent song and dance since 1975 ... and you don't know, as a reporter of VPR's Brave Little State, how to do your homework, and that applies to this former teacher, Bethany Ladimer. 

"Donald Warren Stevens Jr. acts like a high-powered politician." Indeed he does. LIES ABOUT HIS OWN ANCESTRY, MISAPPROPRIATES AND MISUSES the Eugenics Records of Vermont, and implies fraudulently that he's an "Abenaki" of Abenaki descent. 

I know that Vermont Politicians will NEVER ADMIT they were or are wrong about these groups ... allegedly being comprised of "Abenakis" with coherent reasonably documented genealogical records, or having a cohesive historical record to the Abenakis. These four groups now recognized and even a fifth group that wasn't ... used a fraudulent sleazy methodology and half-baked genealogical foundation, to gain themselves the costume of being "Abenakis" within the State of Vermont. 

The State of Vermont Politicians, Media Communications and Educational Institutions and legitimate Native Communities like Old Town, Pleasant Point, Kahnawake and Akwesasne, as well Native Communities in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut, etc will continue to be GROOMED by these fraudulent groups of "Abenaki" fakery in Vermont, even more intently as we march ourselves into 2017. 

I suggest to the naive public not to buy what Vermont nor these fraudulent "tribes" of Vermont are trying to sell you. It may sound good and look pretty, but it's not Abenaki. It's parlor tricks and snake-oil salesmanship on a grand State-Sanctioned level.

Friday, October 21, 2016

St. Francis (the Big Bad Wolf), threatening little ol' Me. "Take it down or else."

October 21, 2016 3:55 PM
To: douglaslloydbuchholz@yahoo.com
Subject: Birth certificate
Not exactly sure how you obtained my birth certificate (Dalton Rae St. Francis). You don't not have my permission to share this personable information on the internet for all to see...if it is not removed I will further investigate this with my lawyer.
Sent from my iPhone

PUBLIC RECORDS are exactly that.

St. Francis (the Big Bad Wolf), threatening little ol' Me. "Take it down or else."

October 21, 2016 3:55 PM
To: douglaslloydbuchholz@yahoo.com
Subject: Birth certificate
Not exactly sure how you obtained my birth certificate (Dalton Rae St. Francis). You don't not have my permission to share this personable information on the internet for all to see...if it is not removed I will further investigate this with my lawyer.
Sent from my iPhone

I posted these PUBLIC OPEN RECORD Vital Records on April 09, 2010 ...
And NOW Mr. St. Francis has the where-with-all to email me the above email, demanding that if I do not remove the document of PUBLIC RECORD, that was obtained either through Ancestry.com or Familysearch.org, that he will "investigate with his lawyer"

IT REALLY TAKES A SPECIAL KIND OF VERMONT STUPID to send such an email to a person such as myself.

Because this matter is of an obviously uneducated descendant of the "Abenaki" wannabiiak St. Francis family, I know I didn't have to reply to his email, but through the laughter, here's what I replied:

Douglas Lloyd Buchholz 10/21/2016 at 6:39 PM
To: Dalton Gabree
Re: Birth Certificate

Mr. Dalton Rae St. Francis,
Thanks for the laugh. I needed that to be honest. I haven't laugh this hard in a long long time Mr. St. Francis.
Please please please EDUCATE YOURSELF about Vermont State Open Records Laws Mr. Dalton R. St. Francis.
This is why our Creator gave you a brain between those two ears of yours.


St. Francis (the Big Bad Wolf), threatening little ol' Me. "Take it down or else."

October 21, 2016 3:55 PM
To: douglaslloydbuchholz@yahoo.com
Subject: Birth certificate
Not exactly sure how you obtained my birth certificate (Dalton Rae St. Francis). You don't not have my permission to share this personable information on the internet for all to see...if it is not removed I will further investigate this with my lawyer.
Sent from my iPhone

PUBLIC RECORDS are exactly that.

Sunday, June 19, 2016

Sunday, March 20, 2016 Lewis Henry Bowman and Joseph Edward Bruchac Research Time Line Part 9

We have now officially tested two direct male descendants of the O'Bomsawin lineage who are residents of Odanak, Quebec, Canada, an historical (ca. 1675 to present) Abenaki Community.

We are now definitely aware that the OBomsawin Y-DNA markers and confirmed Haplogroup is Q-M3 (predicted) and Q1a3a1 (confirmed) through testing at Family Tree DNA.

So, when we witnessed not only Margaret "Marge" (nee: Bruchac) Kennick and her brother Joseph Edward Bruchac III implying and story-telling about their ancestor grandfather Jesse Elmer Bowman and his father Lewis Henry Bowman "being an Abenaki from St. Francis (Odanak)" and that both Bruchac's have directly IMPLIED an inferred relationship by direct male descent to the O'Bomsawin family of Odanak and themselves, I began an investigation in one year ago today, when someone called me and said, "Look at the Bruchac's and Alexander Haley, connect the dots..." and so I did.

1983 -
Magaret M. Bruchcac moved from the mid-west back to the Northeast, to be closer to her family.
[St. Francis - Sokoki Band of Wannabiiak Petition for Federal Recognition]

August 05, 1983
Page 343: Also in 1910, in Highgate, VT a Bouman (Obomsawin) and Brisbois family appear in the records of Missisquoi. 1519. These two families hail from central Vermont and the Lake George community. Their presence suggests that migration back and forth to that area as well as Odanak was still occurring in 1910. In fact, oral tradition from the Bowman Joseph Bruchac family and the Maurice Denis Adirondack Abenaki family has confirmed the existence of the Vermont Abenaki community in the 20th century. 1520.
Footnote 1519. See Household # 232 in 1910 Highgate, Vermont Census in Appendix 11.
Footnote 1520. 2282, 8/5/83: 2283, 8/5/83: 1-4.

Page 344: In the Bouman Bowman present family members recall when their grandfather Jesse E. (Elmer) Bowman would “disappear” for awhile to go visit relatives “in Vermont” in this century.

December 14, 1989
The Schenectady Gazette Newspaper, Page 41
By Jim McGuire – Gazette Reporter
Students Enthralled
Abenaki Indian Takes Heritage to Schools
His (Joseph Edward Bruchac III) Abenaki ancestors, part of the Indian nation that encompassed most of New England, parts of southeastern Canada and stretched into the northern Adirondacks, is traceable to 1637 in Three Rivers, Quebec, Canada, where Jesuit missionaries kept careful records in their quest, Joseph Bruchac says, to account for all available candidates for conversion to Christianity.
His maternal great-grandparents whose family name was originally Obomsawin – which translates into “keeper of the council fire” – moved from Canada to the Saratoga Springs area where they sold baskets to tourists.
Joseph Bruchac said he has taken care to impart his ancestral knowledge and viewpoint to his two sons and they have followed him in developing a keen interest in their heritage.

March 07, 2002 at 13:14:10
Posted on Genforum.com by: Jack Lynch
In Reply to: Bowman /VanAntwert in upstate NY by ella kemp of 7724
LOUIS BOWMAN, born 1846, lived much of his adult life in Greenfield Center and had several children, two of which stayed in the area, but are now both deceased. He did indeed marry each of the Vanantwert sisters, Alice and then Mary. Do you have any prior information on Louis or the Vanantwerts? Vanantwert, could be Vanantwerp, or some other variation. I believe the Bowman line came from the Warrensburg, NY area and the Vanantwerts from Saratoga County NY.
There presently is a family group [Jack is speaking of Joseph E. Bruchac III, Margaret M. (nee: Bruchac) Kennick and her two nephews James and Jesse Bruchac] from this line that is circulating unfounded genealogical information for their personal economic benefit, so be careful. If you have any earlier information, I would like to hear from you.

NOTE: Jack Lynch is married to Mary Ann Bruchac, who is a sister to Margaret “Marge” Bruchac – Kennick and Joseph Bruchac.

December 30, 2006
Margaret M. Bruchac's reply to Odanak Chief Gilles O'Bomsawin:
"I have Abenaki ancestry through my mother, Marion Flora Bowman Bruchac (1921 – 1999). Her father, Jesse Elmer Bowman (1887 – 1970), was the son of Lewis H. Bowman (1844 – 1918) (his first name was also spelled as Louis), an Abenaki Indian born in Canada, and Alice van Antwerp (1855 – 1909), an Indian from New York state whose family was apparently mixed-blood, with Abenaki, Mohawk, Mohican, Dutch, and/or other ancestry. Family tradition suggests that “Bowman” could be a variant of the family name OBomsawin. Although some of Lewis Bowman’s Civil War service records and other documents identify him as a “Saint Francis” Indian, we do not know if he was ever listed as a member of the Odanak Band. We do know that he lived in various places from the 1840’s – 1880’s, including Durham and Farnum (also spelled Farnham) in Quebec, St. Albans in Vermont, and also in Troy and Saratoga Springs, before buying farmland in Porters Corners in the town of Greenfield, in New York state.
My mother’s parents, my mother, my siblings, and I were all born in New York State, and we are all American citizens. I identify myself as an American Abenaki Indian with mixed white ancestry. My siblings, my parents, and my grandparents did not ask to be members of the Odanak Band due to our Abenaki ancestry, and I am not asking for member now. There is thus no cause for you to be concerned about the potential of my making any fraudulent claims that might “tarnish your image,” as suggested in your letter. I do not claim to belong to your band. Anyone who says otherwise is mistaken."

March 29, 2007
Ancestry.com Message Board
From: Cjr1974 [Carly (nee: Russell) Barrows]
Subject: Re: Mary and Alice Vanantwerp, Bowman, Saratoga Co. NY
KWAI, KWAI!! My Bowman family was Abenaki, their Indian surname was Obomsawin, if you visit our Abenaki website Ne-Do-Ba [Nancy Lecompte] you will find an old Indian Abenaki Census in Canada and also you can see what the Indian surnames were changed to, I have relatives, actually cousins who are Native American Authors whom I will be setting up a get together with as they have traced our Great-Great-Great-Great Grandfather's descendants back to Odanak-TROIS-Rivieres, Canada, proof that my descendants were truly Abenaki. I am now trying to trace my Russell-SENECA and Robbins-Mahegan Indian Ancestors, when I find out where to look in Canada I'll post the info for you. What surnames/lineage are you investigating? [See June 13, 2012 Reply from Jack Lynch]

April 16, 2007
Ancestry.com ‘Abenaki – Bomwan’ Message Board
From: Patricia A. Bowman
Subject: Bowman - Obomsawin
My name is EJ, (Earl J. Bowman, Jr.) ej_bowman@roadrunner.com. We are probably related in some way. My wife Patricia sent you information about my Great Grandfather Jack Bowman, son of Lewis Bowman. I only recently learned about my connection with the Obomsawin's.
I learned this from my cousin Margaret Karides, daugher of Alegra (nee: Bowman) Karides.
I have emailed Joseph Bruchac several times, and have a copy of his book ‘Bowman's Store’.
Do you have any information on a possible Bowman Family reunion?
It would be cool to learn of more family in the area. We now live in Queensbury, south of Lake George.

January 9, 2010 11:11 PM
SOURCE: www.adirondacknativephotography.comwww.adirondacknative.blo…
Charles Henry Eldridge said...
I come from the Bowman Clan of the Lake George Region. The original name was Obomsawin. 
Family changed it and called themselves French to ward off discrimination, according to my cousin Joe Bruchac. I thought I was French till my mid 20's, but always felt a connection.

I quote the above articles in part, because throughout the 1980's and 1990's and even 2000's into present, Mr. Joseph Edward Bruchac III, while a wonderful story teller to children, and to the adults that hear the Bruchac-copyrighted stories of Wabanakiak, there is one story that is not-truthful ... at all.

The Bruchac's are about self-promotion under the implied disguise that they are Vermont "Abenakis" with Odanak Abenaki ancestral connection(s) to the Obomsawin's to imply legitimization of their created Indian-ist persona's. 

I do not state this without factual documentation to prove the merits of my words.

The Bowman's that both Jesse Elmer Bowman (Joe and Marge's grandfather) along with all of his brothers, are genetic Haplogroup R-M269 > R1b - Z2109, which is a VERY EUROPEAN Haplogroup.

Lewis (Haplo: R-M269) Henry Bowman's direct male descendant [Name Redacted] Bowman’s Y-DNA STR Markers:


Lewis (Predicted Haplo: R-M269 Cofirmed Haplo: R-Z2109) Henry Bowman's direct male descendant [Name Redacted] Y-DNA SNP Confirmation Testing:

Haplogroup R-M269 (predicted) and Haplo-group R-Z2109 (confirmed) is the dominant linage in all of Western Europe today. It is found in low frequencies in Turkey and the northern Fertile Crescent, while its highest frequencies are in Western Europe.

R1b-Z2109 is NOT the Obomsawin's of Odanak, in Quebec, Canada Haplogroup ... 

That the Bruchac's have stated that they themselves descend from the Obomsawin Abenaki Family and had published as-factual, in their numerous books and spoken of in their speaking engagements and school presentations, both around Greenfield, Saratoga County, New York and in Europe, for many years, is wrong.

They've been peddling a lie, a distortion, a leap of faith, and bastardized story about their own Bowman ancestry. 

This is just one more brick or tile of the "Abenaki" yellow brick road), and the lies and distortions laid out in front of you readers of this blog ... to the magical land of the Wannabiiak wji Askaskwiwajoak. 

Listen to the pathway in which Joseph E. Bruchac and his sister Marge speak of their alleged Abenaki ancestry that they claim and have said comes down through their mythical made-up O'Bomsawin ancestor, Lewis Henry Bowman, down to Jesse Elmer Bowman down to Marion Flora Bowman down to Joseph Bruchac III and his sister Margaret M. Bruchac - Kennick ...

They claim it follows through the direct male lineage of Jesse Elmer Bowman back through to his father Lewis H. Bowman, who the Bruchac's claim was an Obomsawin at "St. Francis" which Joe has repeatedly and pointedly referred and implied is Odanak, the Abenaki Community.

Ok, so lets take Joe Bruchac III at his word. He says he's an honest man. I believe he believes he is. 

Then why are Obomsawin's Q-M3 and the Bowman's R1b-Z2109 (?)

Obomsawin Male Tester No. 1

O'Bomsawin's (Predicted: Q-M3 Confirmed Haplo: Q1a3a1) Y-DNA STR Markers:

Obomsawin Male Tester No. 2

O'Bomsawin's (Predicted: Q-M3 Confirmed Haplo: Q1a3a1) Y-DNA STR Markers:

Totally two different direct male lineages is proven by a simple Y-DNA test. 

It doesn't take a rocket scientist or an 8th grader to figure out the genetic results of Bowman and Obomsawin, in comparative to what Joseph Bruchac III has peddled and propped up as fact.

Therefore Bruchac's stories about his alleged Abenaki ancestry, are profitable for him, but not truthful.

What does that say about him? What has he really been perpetuating? That his family members have obviously been swallowing, hook, line, and sinker all these years? 

Without so much as a shred of proof (!!) 

“If you can't dazzle them with brilliance, baffle them with bullshit.”
[Puts a whole new meaning to the quote, doesn't it?]

"Abenaki" Dope Dealing Story Tellers, who USE the Abenaki, to perpetuate more Bowman = Obomsawin "dope" and more story telling, about how "Abenaki" their ancestors were. 


... from Europe.

Sunday, March 20, 2016

Joe and Jesse Bruchac at Paul Smith's VIC - Simply more appropriation

Adirondack Center for Writing presents Joe and Jesse Bruchac as part of our Native American Writers Series.

Specifically go to 39.43

Joseph Edward Bruchac III ... claims that HIS family did the genealogical work to find Ots-Toch in 2011 at this Native American Writers Series speaking event.

I think not.

This just another APPROPRIATION by the Bruchac's for themselves, without giving credit where credit is due.

March 08, 2016

Jesse Bowman Bruchac: While we have a distant native ancestor who can be traced, it is from the 1600's. That is what we know. It is actually all we have known for sure since May 2009 when you told me of that Mohawk ancestor, Ots-Toch.

In retrospect:

May 06, 2009

"Kwai Mskwamagw [Douglas Lloyd Buchholz] ta kdagik nid8bak ta nid8baskwak. N'kawachowi kd'agakimziba aln8baiwi askwa."

So, Mr. Joseph Edward Bruchac III and Jesse Bowman Bruchac, want to appropriate for themselves just WHO spent the time, effort, and research time, to find Ots-Toch as it genealogically applies to Lewis Henry Bowman Sr. and his descendants?

Sure as hell, was NOT the Bruchac's who did the effort, the research, that's for sure!

It is interesting that Joseph Edward Bruchac III went after Alex Haley, back in the 1970's ...

On January 22, 1970, Bruchac met Alex Haley and recommended that he read Harold Courlander's 1967 novel The African to get a better understanding of the "African experience." Bruchac even drove home three miles to fetch his own copy of the novel and give it to Alex Haley, who promised to read it "on the plane." Alex Haley later incorporated some passages from The African into his bestselling novel Roots: The Saga of an American Family. After Haley settled a plagiarism lawsuit, Joseph Bruchac came forward with this information, explaining that he was "shocked to see someone having used someone else's work ... without giving proper credit."

Jesse Elmer Bowman died January 28, 1970 ...

SO what really happened after Jesse, Joe's Grandfather died? Joe decided to make his Grandpa into an Indian, then later into an "Abenaki" to make himself into an Indian, and then an "Abenaki" too?

Just add water, then shake (for two minutes) and bake (at 350 degrees for some years) = "Abenaki" ... say it and publish it some many times, that the lies become the truth, and the truth becomes the lies ... is that how this works?

So much for credibility. Joseph Bruchac III (and his son Jesse Bruchac stands there as the falsehood is made) in a Guhsto:wa, states, "Our family has done the research back to Ots-Toch, the Mohawk woman" and the son Jesse, whom I shared my research back to that woman, stands silent. 

So much for "working together" ... eh.


I agree with the articles content:

"A history and heritage are important, but if you do not know yours then you should not try to invent one, or leave out parts you do not like."

The Bruchac's chose to leave out the "leap of faith", the belief, theory, and the guessing.

Lewis Henry Bowman and Joseph Edward Bruchac Research Time Line Part 8

Specifically, go to 33.55 and also more importantly 39.21 of this event and speaking engagement of Joseph Edward Bruchac III.

I also bought and read Joseph Edward Bruchac's books over the years:

I've also reviewed many published documents by his sister Margaret Marie Bruchac-Kennick:

One more round of applause for the Bruchac's?

I think not.

Let's make this very clear. The ONLY accomplishment they have done, to my thinking, is duping the public and Native People's into believing as they do, that "Jesse Elmer Bowman was an Abenaki."

Which is not true.

It has always been a figment of his grandson Joseph Bruchac' imagination, published in his books.

March 20, 2015
From an Abenaki man from and of Odanak:

"It's not about hating ... it's about the the truth. 
A family of cultural profiteers to the detriment of my cultural and heritage. 
They [Bruchac's] are not sympathizers to the cause but usurpers for profit. 
Like the sayings goes, repeat a lie long enough and it becomes a pseudo-truth. 
They say they got the support of Odanak, unfortunately that's not true. 
The only support they got up here is from one family, the vast majority of our band are not duped by them nor will they be.
Saying your Indian at heart doesn't make it so!"

Lewis Henry Bowman and Joseph Edward Bruchac Research Time Line Part 7:

Having done the research, which is ongoing, regarding the Bowman's of Vermont and Saratoga County, New York, and in particular the descendant family of Bruchac, genealogical descendants of Lewis Henry Bowman Sr. through his son Jesse Elmer Bowman ... I have ask myself several questions.

Why was Joseph Edward Bruchac III perpetuating this concocted story of his, that his mother's father Jesse as an "Abenaki"?

Was it simply because he was infatuated with Indians"? 

Clearly he was interactive with the Onondaga people who shared stories with him. 

He began, first, to publish Iroquois stories, not Abenaki stories. 

It was ONLY later, after meeting with Jules Louis Maurice Paul dit Dennis and his wife, Marie Juliette M'Sadoques, and learning that "Maurice" Den(n)is' mother was Marie Cléophée Robert Obomsawin, that Joseph Bruchac III began directing his writing towards Abenaki stories, and which involved his own family narrative, that Bowman derived from O'Bomsawin. 

Mr. Joseph Bruchac III has a Ph.D., and is a learned man, of some intelligence. 

He BELIEVED his leap of faith, his theory and his guess that his own grandfather's father Lewis Henry Bowman was an Abenaki (later conjectured but stated as fact that the man's father was from Odanak (formerly known as St. Francis), a mission community of Abenakis stretching back into the historical past to ca. 1675). Simply based on Jesse's dark complexion initially. Joe's estranged father, allegedly TOLD Joe III, that Marion's father was an Abenaki. 

But again, this is based on what Joe III SAYS post-1975. The merit of this story? Probably none.

He did not attempt to be aware of anything further than what he could perpetuate in his stories, that fit into his narrative, throughout the years from 1975 to 2016. Anything questioning of that perpetuated narrative, and the resulting action of the Bruchac family was:

Simply "fishing" and implying that the Bowman's the Bruchac's descend from, MUST BE NATIVE.

And yet there are Bowman's in New England, from Germany, Scotland, England, and even Switzerland.

There most definitely are ethical considerations in claiming indigenous identity or relationships with particular indigenous peoples. To falsely claim such belonging is absolutely indigenous identity fraud. It is theft. 

Jack Lynch (brother-in-law to Joe Bruchac)

There presently is a family group from this line that is circulating unfounded genealogical information for their personal economic benefit, so be careful.

In 2007, there was a Message Board conversation, http://boards.ancestry.com/topics.ethnic.natam.nations.abenaki.abenakinat/240/mb.ashx in which some posted messages were for and against Bowman being from the Obomsawin Abenaki family. Within these posted messages, was one response received by a Ibgen1 of Queensbury, NY (where some of the Bowman's descended of Lewis H. Bowman reside to this day) who had some interesting details shared, but never really clarified genealogically speaking. 

We're working with what details were posted by this submitter, in our research now.

Also during this long thread of messages,  Carollee Reynolds also attempted to claim that her Partlow ancestors were identified as Abenakis/Indians in the Civil War Era at the time of enlistment. This is also not true. Those four Indians of Alburg, were Akwesasne Mohawk men. Had they really done their research, they would have known this. But of course, they along with Professor Wiseman simply didn't show the original records because the truth didn't fit their manipulated narrative for the Colonizer State of Vermont of whom these fake Abenakis were proffering up unsubstantiated un-vetted "evidence" and "proof. Certainly the genealogical evidence of alleged "Abenaki" ancestor was NEVER evaluated transparently! 

In the Ancestry.com Message Board Postings particularly on the date of May 06, 2009, migakawinno [Jesse Bowman Bruchac … Joseph Bruchac’s youngest son] wrote a response. 

It was then that I began to smell BS. Joe Bruchac's son was stating that "his father took a leap?" etc.

June 13, 2012
Ancestry.com Message Board
From: jacklynch2833 [Jack Lynch]
Subject: Re: Mary and Alice Vanantwerp, Bowman, Saratoga Co. NY
Louis Bowman was born in East Farnham, Quebec to Charles and Sophie Bowman. At this level there is no sure connection with Abenaki lineage. If it exists, it is further back. After Charles death in the 1840s, Sophie married a man with the last name Senecal. This link has caused some native ancestry suggestions to be raised, but it does not go to the Bowman line.

June 24, 2015
From: "Irene" an Odanak Abenaki member
Always, and I appreciate your efforts, a style different then mine, but we are on the same page. I have been away, but not hidden, never hidden, following from a safe distance. After these long years I am finally able to pursue my Vocation and embracing both my heritage and talent for the first time ever. I was able to register at Odanak after my grandmother passed, my mother wanting to retire to Odanak, someday soon maybe. Then seeing what has become of Cecile Wawanolett's legacy and Elie Joubert, makes me cry, not sick, but just cry. I walk a fine line between both worlds, trying to make sense of how things can be fixed, if at all. 
My only pain has always been with Jesse Bruchac and his aunt Marge for making my relative upset, and for stealing our stories, downright making them up. Others are also watching /fighting the battle on our turf. So I watch my actions, I have to, but I am not naive. But it is hard to be Abenaki anywhere; when the first question is … 

Do you know that 'ole Joe'? 

Defenseless in numbers of those who agree, all I can respond with is, "Who? Never heard of him"

I have recently come across one of Don Stevens Jr.'s posted comments on the internet regarding Saints and Strangers, a video that Mr. Jesse Bowman Bruchac was involved in. 

November 01, 2015
By Lori Acken
Walking the talk – how Saints & Strangers’ native American cast learned to speak Abenaki
“I grew up in a family where everybody was involved in our family history that dates back to this period,” said Jesse Bowman Bruchac, 43, whose father, Joseph Edward Bruchac III, penned the well-received “Squanto’s Journey: The Story of the First Thanksgiving.”
“I saw the language being lost, and my father struggling to gain fluency because his own grandfather [Jesse Elmer Bowman] and mother [Marion Dunham Bowman – Bruchac] didn’t want to speak it.

One does have to question whether or not Joseph Edward Bruchac III's grandfather, Jesse, and or Jesse's own daughter Marion EVER KNEW OR SPOKE THE ABENAKI LANGUAGE AT ALL.'
To imply that either of them had the ability to speak the Abenaki language, and just "didn't want to" ... is yet another concocted implied statement by Jesse Bowman Bruchac. I doubt that either Jesse Elmer Bowman or his daughter, knew of the Abenaki language, let alone could speak it.

November 02, 2015
Chief Donald Warren Stevens Jr. – Nulhegan Abenaki Tribe stated:
“I want to thank Jesse, National Geographic, and everyone who has allowed the Abenaki language to be used and heard. The Bruchac’s are a very important line to the preservation of the language. I hope this movie will inspire other companies to use the Abenaki Language. It is also nice to see that the native perspective will also be shown in the film. 
There is still a lot of ignorance and hate out there toward Native people.
Thank you and keep up the great work!

So, according to the Phillips descendant of Antoine Philips Sr. (Haplogroup: M-181 ... and a Black man of African descent and NOT ABENAKI at all) continues to imply that the Native people are hated and that there is a lot of ignorance out there towards such ethnicity ... just like he and his bastardizing manipulative ilk have claimed that this blog is a "hate-blog") 

Here's what I think, this blog is no more about HATE, than these people are really Abenaki Indians.

The ignorance is what these pretenders and "fakers" rely upon, just like the Bruchac's have relied on the narrative of their concocted ancestral stories about Jesse Bowman and his father Lewis Henry Bowman to perpetuate their appropriate of Abenaki stories, etc. and "circulating unfounded genealogical information for their personal economic benefit", as Jack Lynch stated in his March 2002 post on the genealogical Genforum.com ...

The Bruchac Ph.D, Margaret Marie Bruchac - Kennick (and or their ally 'John Peters', in or near Amsterdam intentionally or not on his part) went online, and attempted to 'attach' the Bowman ancestry to Francois Louis Obomsawin and Agnes-Anne Onlinass's family (from and of Odanak) ... IMPLYING that Lewis Henry Bowman Sr. was their son born in July of 1844.

Who does this sort of thing? Was it honest? Was it transparent? Was it backed up in genealogical merit? 

It is NOT HATEFUL to do the necessary research to confirm or deny the merits of those that would and have perpetuated ETHNIC FRAUD within the State of Vermont, or surrounding states.

This also includes Donald Warren Stevens Jr. of the "Abenaki" fakers group, the Nulhegan Wannabiiak "Tribe" of Orleans County, Vermont.

These "fakers" and wannabiiak (wanabe's) rely on the public's IGNORANCE to perpetuate their "Abenaki" persona's and their blatant Ethnic Fraud ... 

This Blog AIMS TO EXPOSE THEM to the Public with the FACTS.

Now will the Public HOLD the Bruchac's and Margaret Marie Bruchac-Kennick, Ph.D. to the SAME ACCOUNTABILITY as Rachel Dolezal, Ward Churchill, Andrea Smith, and Susan Taffe-Reed? How about Donna (nee: Carvalho) Charlebois - Moody? And the many other "fakers" out there here in the Northeast?

Do you stand up against Ethnic Fraud? Or do you ignore this dynamic happening to the Cherokee's, the Abenaki's, etc? Obviously, the Colonizer State of Vermont, and other states advocate and help perpetuate the Abenaki Ethnic and Culture Theft against the Abenaki People.
Colleges and Museums, and those associated with NAGPRA here in the N.E. right along with the VCNAA, and the Departments of Historical Preservation of VT, NH etc, as well as the New Hampshire State Council on the Arts (as well as in Vermont) ALLOWS the continued Ethnic Fraud to be perpetuated and condoned.

The Bruchac are no more Abenakis than Gérard (Jerry) “Tsonakwa” Rancourt (or his wife Marilyn Bernadet (nee: Sciolé) a.k.a. Yolai’kia Wapita’ska) were or are.

The perpetuated ancestral scam, scheme, "leap of faith" has been accepted as true, by many, as if were founded in fact. Mr. Joseph Edward Bruchac III and Margaret Marie Bruchac - Kennick sought to have the public BELIEVE their stories as to how they narrated the story.

Was it truthful? Was it founded on facts, historically - genealogically - genetically - socially?

Bowman: Predicted: M269 Confirmed: R-Z2109

Haplogroup R-M269 is the dominant lineage in all of Western Europe today. It is found in low frequencies in Turkey and the northern Fertile Crescent, while its highest frequencies are in Western Europe.

Obomsawin: Q1a3a1

13-23-13-10-15-17-12-12-12-14-14-31-14-9-  9-11-10-27-14-21-30-13-18-19

And yet, Louis Henry Bowman Sr. was the son of Francois Louis Obomsawin and his wife Agnes-Anne Onlinass? 

Who tried to perpetuate the genealogical LIES about Lewis Henry Bowman Sr? 

Sure as hell wasn't Jesse Elmer Bowman nor his siblings, or his wife, or their descendants, other than the Bruchac's themselves all these years.

It's not 'hate' that drives this blog forward. It's the researched FACTS.

Let's have a big round of applause for the continual perpetuation of Abenaki Identity and Culture Theft by the advocates, perpetrators, and their allies of the 1-Drop-Rule throughout N'dakinna.

Or the 'no-drop-at-all' pseudo-"Abenaki Tribes" here in Vermont. 

Wednesday, March 16, 2016

Lewis Henry Bowman and Joseph Edward Bruchac Research Time Line Part 6:

As one can already see and review, I have sought out the public records and even at times communicated with the Bruchac's, seeking the validity of their claims, assertions and assurances (that they are "Abenakis").

It was ONLY Joseph Edward Bruchac III, who made the claims and assertions that they were Abenaki. I can discern no one else in the family making these claims and assertions prior to him doing so.

Joseph Bruchac
February 19, 1970

Joseph Bruchac 
February 25 1971

Joseph Bruchac 
March 04 1971

Part One
Joseph Bruchac 
April 20 1972

Part One
Joseph Bruchac 
April 20 1972

Even in 1973 through into 1975 he was NOT apparently claiming to be Abenaki at all. 

He had not begun to cultivate his persona as an 'Abenaki' yet. 

Was it Wounded Knee that caused him to come out of the closet, out from underneath the bed, and perhaps re-invent himself into the Indian he so admired and was infatuated with when he was child?

When he was a child, and young person growing up, did he fantasize about being an Indian?

So as an adult beginning to publish other Native incarcerated prisoners stories, or Native Peoples from the South West, did he simply begin to think of himself as an Indian too?

Looking at his grandfather Jesse, and his grandfather's siblings, seeing the dark complexion, did he assume they were Indians? Joseph Bruchac III was obviously interested in folklore and the "exotic other" ...

The more I think of Joseph Edward Bruchac III (the alleged Abenaki writer and storyteller) the more I find myself thinking about Alexander Murray Palmer "Alex" Haley.

Researching Joe Bruchac I found that indeed the two had encountered one another ... you do the math and compare the two authors ... like Margaret Marie Bruchac - Kennick did with Sophie Sénécal dit Laframboise and George Lemon (the Attorney) ... as she put it "a historical re-imagining" ... you know ... written from her imagination ... not fact-based.

But none of Joe Bruchac or his mother Marion Bowman's ancestors were identifying or had identified as Abenakis or even as Indians, other that Ots-Toch and perhaps her grandchild(ren) who were Mohawks. But Joe didn't know about her until May of 2009 ...

Let us review what we do know:

20 Jul 1844
Lewis Bowman was born in East Farnham, Brome-Missisquoi County, Quebec, Canada.
Age at physical birth from the time of father’s death date:
0 years 8 months 12 days
8 months 12 days
36 weeks 3 days
255 days

Lewis Bowman claimed that he was resident in Richmond, Chittenden County, Vermont.

Bowman's (descended from England) lived just to the north in Westford, Vermont.
Bowman's lived south in Clarendon, Vermont.
Bowman's lived east in Duxbury, Vermont.

There is a David Henry Bowman born in 1820 who died November 25, 1843 and is buried in Franklin, Franklin County, Vermont, son of Henry Hammond Bowman and Sophia Haselton.
Sophia Haselton - Bowman died in 1827. Henry remarried twice more.
David's brother Henry Hammond Bowman Jr. and his wife Louisa Dewing lived in St. Albans, Franklin County, Vermont. 

Lewis Bowman claimed that he was resident in St. Albans, Franklin County, Vermont.

Lewis Bowman claimed that he was resident in Albany, Albany County, New York.

August 29, 1864
Lewis Bowman enlisted into the Civil War from Troy, Rensselaer County, New York.

March 25, 1865
Lewis Bowman was shot, and received at least 4 bullet wounds being wounded in the battle at Hatchers Run, Va., having been struck by a Minnie Ball in left leg, thereafter having a left foot paralytic and leg weakness which made him unfit for usage thereafter.

August 13, 1865
Hatcher’s Run, Virginia
Lewis Bowman was honorably discharged from the Civil War.

Declaration for Invalid Pension
District of Columbia
County of Washington
On this 14th day of August, 1865, personally appeared before me, a Deputy Clerk of a Court of Record, in the County and District aforesaid, Lewis Bowman, aged 21 years, a resident of St. Albans, County of Franklin, in the State of Vermont swears that he is the identical Lewis Bowman who enlisted in the service of the United States at East Troy in the State of New York on the 29th day of August 1864 as a Private in Company E commanded by Capt. Sweeney in the 69th Regiment of New York Volunteers in the war of 1861, and was honorably discharged on the 13 day of August 1865. That while in the service aforesaid, and in the line of his duty, on or about the 25th day of March in the year of our Lord 1865, he was wounded in battle at Hatchers Run, Va., by Minnie Ball in left leg - left foot paralytic leg weak unfit for use. He was treated and discharged from Stanton Hospital, Washington D.C.
Signature of Claimant, Lewis [his X mark] Bowman

August 14, 1865 up to ca. 1867-
Lewis Bowman has been residing in Cohose, Albany County, New York for about two [2] years.

Lewis Bowman has been residing in Potters Corner, Saratoga County, New York.

July 04, 1870
Lewis Bowman married Alice Marie Van Antwerp by Elder Combs, in Greenfield, Saratoga County, New York.

21 Aug 1871
Louisa Bowman was born in Greenfield, Saratoga County, New York.

Perhaps named after Louisa Dewing, wife of Henry Hammond Bowman Jr. mentioned above.

26 Jul 1873
Forrest F. Bowman was born Greenfield, Saratoga County, New York.

September 29, 1875
Clarence Bowman was born on in Greenfield, Saratoga County, New York.

August 03, 1877
Myrtle Bowman was born in Greenfield, Saratoga County, New York.

April 02, 1879
Myrtle Bowman died at the age of 1 year old in Greenfield, Saratoga County, New York.

April 02, 1880
Sarah Ettie Etta Bowman was born on 2 in Greenfield, Saratoga County, New York.

June 12, 1880
Greenfield, Saratoga County, N.Y. Federal Population Census
184-193 Louis Bowman W M 40 Chopper Born Canada (both parents were born in Canada)
Alice Van Antwerp W F 25 Keeping House NY (Both parents born in NY) Listed on same pg. 178-187
Louisa Bowman Age 09 W
Forest Bowman Age 07 W
Clarence Bowman Age 05 W
Sarah Bowman Age 2 months W

May 25, 1881
State of New York
County of Saratoga
On this 25th day May, 1881 appeared before me, a Deputy Clerk of the County Court, aforesaid Lewis Bowman, age 37 years, and a resident of the town of Greenfield, Saratoga County, New York ... declares that he is the identical Lewis Bowman who enrolled on the 29th day of August 1864, in Company E. of the '69 Regiment of the New York Volunteers commanded by Peter Sweeney, and was honorably DISCHARGED at Washington D.C. on the 14th day of August, 1865; that his personal description is as follows: 

Age: 37 years
Height: 5' ---feet 8 1/2 inches
Complexion: Dark
Hair: Dark
Eyes: Black

That while a member of the organization aforesaid, in the service and in the line of his duty at Near Petersburgh, Virginia on or about the 25th day of March, 1865, he was wounded by Gunshot from the enemy in four different places. 1st in the left knee. 2nd right thigh. 3rd (wound) in the left arm in muscles near shoulder. 4th (wound) in right hip and all the aforesaid wounds were received in one day or battle.
That he was treated in hospitals as follows: About one or two days at City Point Hospital and [he] was then taken to Stanton Hospital [in] Washington D.C. where he remained until discharged.
That he was not been employed in the military or naval service otherwise than stated above. That since leaving the services this applicant has resided in the town of Greenfield in the State of New York, and his occupation has been that of a Farmer etc. He was a Laborer. He is now totally disabled from obtaining his subsistence by manual labor by reason of his injuries, above described.
Claimant's signature: Lewis [his X mark] Bowman

January 25, 1882
State of New York
County of Saratoga
In the matter of the original invalid pension claim No. 88821 of Lewis Bowman of Co. E., 69th Regt N.Y. State Volunteers, Lewis Bowman, age 37 years and a resident of Potters Corners in the County of Saratoga County, New York, stated that for 5 years immediately preceding his enlistment into the service of the United States on the 29th day of August, 1864, that he had resided in the following places:
Richmond, Vermont in 1859
In 1860 & 1862 at St. Albans, Vermont
At Albany, NY in 1862
And at time of enlistment at Troy, N.Y.
His occupation was that of a Laborer
Since his discharge from the service on the 14th day of August 1865, he has been residing in Cohose, Albany County, New York for about two [2] years.

December 05, 1882
Eva May Bowman born in Greenfield, Saratoga County, New York.

August 31, 1884
Lewis Henry Bowman was born in Greenfield, Saratoga County, New York.

Aug 31, 1886
Jessie Elmer Bowman in Greenfield, Saratoga County, New York

July 29, 1890
In the Province of Quebec, in the County of Shefford on the 22nd day of July 1890, personally appeared before a Notary Public, a Mrs. Bowman aged 80 years, and a resident of West Shefford, Quebec, Canada.
She declared that she was the widow of Charles Bowman, and mother of Lewis Bowman who volunteered under the name of Lewis Bowman at "N" on the ____ day of August 1884, as a private, who died of..... wounded in the knee and thigh, while in the service on the _____ day of _____, A.D. 18 ___, at Washington D.C.
That Charles Bowman, aged _____, years, is dead, 8 November 1843, that she is still the widow of the aforesaid Charles Bowman.

Sophie [her X] Senecal, widow of Charles Bowman

No where in the Civil War Pension Records does it imply or indicate that Mr. Lewis Henry Bowman, a Civil War Veteran, was implying or saying he was born in or was from Saint Francis or Odanak, nor was he identifying as or being identified as an Indian, or Abenaki at all. Review the PDF yourself ...

Over the years, periodically, I began to do the research on the Bruchac family. My question(s) have always been what were the merits, and evidence of Mr. Joseph Edward Bruchac III's claims and assertions about his Bowman ancestry, namely Jesse Elmer Bowman, his siblings, and their father Lewis Henry Bowman.

Nothing has, as yet, given me the awareness or evidence, that what Joe Bruchac, his sister or his two sons James and Jesse (more so the latter son) has any merit whatsoever. It is a fantasy, a fairy tale, and a story created and perpetuated / peddled to the listener(s) / believer(s) to my thinking. There is NOTHING behind the leather curtain ... Jesse Elmer Bowman nor his siblings it would seem identified as Abenakis. They never were identified as Abenaki by others, on any records I have ever come across. I have asked, requested repeatedly of the Bruchac's to review their evidence of their so-called "St. Francis" document, to no avail. I am met with resistance, stalling, and or silence. 

Even Jack Lynch, brother-in-law to Joseph Bruchac III in June of 2012:

June 13, 2012
By Jack Lynch (married to Mary Ann Bruchac, Joe's sister)
Louis Bowman was born in East Farnham, Quebec to Charles and Sophie Bowman. 

At this level there is no sure connection with Abenaki lineage. If it exists it is further back.

June 13, 2012
By Jack Lynch

At this level there is no sure connection with Abenaki lineage. If it exists it is further back. [Or she retained her maiden name, from prior to her marriage to "Charles" Bowman who allegedly died November 08, 1843.]

This link has caused some native ancestry suggestions to be raised [by the Bruchac's Joe, Marge or Jesse?] ... but it does not go to the Bowman line.

The above three Ancestry.com Message Board posts by Jack Lynch, seems to point to two dynamics going on.

1. The "Abenaki" ancestry is not known. As Jesse Bowman Bruchac stated, it has been merely based on their own concocted theories, guessing games, and from the very beginning, based on the leap(s) of faith by his father Joseph Edward Bruchac III, only brother to Mary Ann (Bruchac) Lynch.

2. The alleged "Abenaki" connection(s) [if any at all] is not on the Bowman lineage, contrary to what Joseph Edward Bruchac III has perpetuated and led people to believe, through his presentations at thousands of schools per year, his presentations at Native Communities, online interviews, and yes, throughout consistently published in his books. 

Because of these dynamics prior to 2015, I began seeking a Lewis Henry Bowman direct-male-descendant who carries the Y-DNA into contemporary times. I had a plan ...

Y-DNA Pathway Map

A Y chromosome DNA test (Y-DNA test) is a genealogical DNA test which is used to explore a man's patrilineal or direct father's-line ancestry. The Y chromosome, like the patrilineal surname, passes down virtually unchanged from father to son.

Lewis Henry Bowman (1844 - 1918) Paternal Great-Grandfather
John "Jack" Bowman (1893 - 1973) Father
Earl Kenneth Bowman (1916 -1983) Son
Earl John Bowman - grandson

We have tested a direct male descendant of Lewis Henry Bowman (1844-1918). To confirm that the genetic DNA sample IS in fact, from a Bowman descendant, another non-direct Bowman descendant ALSO did an atDNA (Family Finder) test. They match one another in their testing results.

So, we know that the Y-DNA tester Mr. Bowman is in fact, John "Jack" Bowman's direct male descendant. We also know that tester no. 2 is a Bowman descendant as well.

Lewis (Haplo: Predicted: R-M269 / Confirmed: R-Z2109) Henry Bowman's Y-DNA Markers:

Haplogroup R-M269 / R-Z2109 is the dominant lineage in all of Western Europe today. It is found in low frequencies in Turkey and the northern Fertile Crescent, while its highest frequencies are in Western Europe.

Louis (Haplo: Q1a3a1) Napoleon O'Bomsawin's Y-DNA Markers:
13-23-13-10-15-17-12-12-12-14-14-31-14-9-  9-11-10-27-14-21-30-13-18-19-20-12-11-19-23-15-16

Haplogroup Q1a3a1 is one of the few Y Chromosome haplogroup strictly associated with the indigenous peoples of the Americas, along with haplogroup C3b-P39 which is almost exclusively found in North America

NOTICE that the Y-Marker's highlighted DO NOT MATCH between Bowman and O'Bomsawin.

This PROVES that the two men ARE NOT RELATED. Lewis Henry Bowman Sr. CANNOT BE ...

... As Joseph Edward Bruchac III's has written his ancestor's narrative. 

That Bruchac published narrative is now genetically proven wrong.

Obomsawin Y-DNA Result

Y-DNA stays stable overall for about 500-700 years; unlike atDNA in which 'recombination' happens consistently every time an infant is born, and DNA is 'shuffled' like a deck of cards. Using both Y testing and atDNA testing we could discern the merits of Joseph Edward Bruchac III's claims, assertions and assurances. But, neither Joe Bruchac nor his son Jesse wanted to work with me in this endeavor. 

His cousins helped, and thankfully so. 

The Y-DNA Haplo-group 'prediction' at this point in time is R-M269. Testing for the terminal Y-DNA Designation is in testing as I type this, and will be shown when that result is provided by the genetic testing company.

This means that Lewis Henry Bowman's paternal genetic contribution from his father comes from EUROPE. 

Not ancestrally from North America. 

Jesse Elmer Bowman and his father Lewis Henry Bowman's dark-complexion is inherited for some other reason(s) other than being Native American or Abenaki.

So what's the real genealogical history about Lewis Henry Bowman Sr.?

I didn't get Joe's help. I didn't get Jesse's help. But I am thankful for the Bowman families help.

Jack Lynch, brother-in-law to Joe Bruchac posted in March of 2002 for a reason. People are asking questions for a reason, about the Bruchac's and the merits of their claims and assertions.

ONLY UNTIL I did the Y-DNA test and got the results back did we hear

"Oh, I guess we were wrong about being Obomsawin's"

... and not from Joe Bruchac or Marge, but from Jesse Bowman Bruchac, who since at a very young age, as been indoctrinated into thinking he is an Abenaki.

And is so desperate to be ... that he has to create a webpage inferring that his Bowman's MUST be related to Native families across the land with the same surname?

The damage has already been done. 

Much like Gerard Rancourt, the storyteller who claimed to be descended from the Abenakis,claimed he was born in Central Quebec, Canada but was actually born in Meriden, CT ... I think that very likely Mr. Bruchac III and his stories of being Abenaki and or being descended from the Obomsawin's has been and always will be, simply not true.

The DNA result proves that the Joseph/ Marge Bruchac narrative is wrong.

Bruchac's stated their story as fact ... many times ... over and over and over again. Joe perpetuated the story, Marge perpetuated the story, James and Jesse Bruchac perpetuated the story: Bowman was derived from Obomsawin. Even their relatives believed the story. "Lewis H. Bowman came from St. Francis/Odanak, as an Abenaki and came to Saratoga County, NY ... made and sold brown ash baskets" ...

How much is truth and how much is just made up imaginings by Joe and Marge about their ancestors?

It was not a 'mistake of making false claims', as has been implied by the younger son of Joe Bruchac.

The performance and the claims, for years, were very intentional. And it has been very hurtful to those ancestors, on both sides. Make no mistake about it.

Why is acceptable for these people to pretend they are Abenakis ...

And it is not acceptable for me to do the necessary research

And point out that these people are NOT Abenaki Indians?

My research for the truth continues

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