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Monday, January 17, 2011

December 15, 1994 Letter by Darrell Larocque; Letter to Ralph Skinner Swett by "Grand Chief" Homer St. Francis Sr, Etc:

Howard F. Knight Jr.
Head Spokesman
Cowasuck of N.A. [Cowasuck of North America, Inc.]
Alderbrook Rd. RFD 2
Box 530A
Newport, Vt. 05855

Darrell R. Larocque
Diplomatic Ambassador
Sovereign Abenaki Nation
8625 Cedarbrook Drive
Charlotte, N.C. 28215
Tel. No. 704 568 7803

December 13, 1994
Dear Howard,
Please be reminded that during both the unity meeting of May 7, 1994 in Vermont and August 20, 1994 in Evansville, Vt. All Abenaki members and Councils in attendence agreed to use one Tribal card issued by Missisquoi, Swanton Vt. and the Constitution and By-Laws of Missisquoi.
This was also agreed to at the unity meeting in Littleton NH. July 17, 1994. NO other Tribal cards are valid per our SOLEMN AGREEMENT.
Any reference to any AUTHORIZATION by me without an accompanying letter signed by Grand Chief Homer St. Francis is not valid.
I trust that this letter will clear up any false statements by ANYONE.
Yours in brotherhood,

Darrell R. Larocque
AKA Big Bear Claw

cc: Grand Chief Homer St. Francis.
Chief Tribal Judge Mike Delaney.
Sovereign Republic of the Abenaki                                                
Nation of Missisquoi
P.O. Box 276
Missisquoi, 05488

Mr. Ralph Swett
Box 1466 RR #2
Orleans, Vt. 05860

December 27, 1994
Dear Mr. Swett;
We are aware of your attempt to set up a Band "Abenaki"Corporation of alleged and reinvented Native Americans in Abenaki Territory, per your newspaper advertisement.
You are instructed that any new Bands/Councils "Abenaki" Corporations/ Incorporations inside Abenaki Territory VT/NH/MA/CT must be approved by the Grand Chief Homer St. Francis Sr. and all recognized Councils "Abenaki" Corporations now in unity.
As for using Chief in your correspondence it is illegal as there are no chiefs in the Abenaki Territory existing councils only head spokesman. No one from Abenaki Territory appointed you Chief.
Please take this letter seriously as any further problems will be dealt with accordingly.
Grand Chief Homer W. St. Francis
Grand Chief Homer W. St. Francis ... [SEAL]
cc: Grand Council
All Approved Councils
Office of the Grand Council
Territorial Headquarters
Sovereign Republic of the Abenaki Nation International
Associate Chief of the Grand Council
R.R. #2 Box 120
Orleans, Vt. 05860
(802) 754-2346

Mr. Ralph Swett & Family
R.R. #2 Box 1466
Orleans, Vermont 05860

WHEREAS, That as of Dec. 22, 1194 [1994] your cards are no longer valid; and that you have never signed any membership papers; when we made you and your family honorary members of the Cowasuck of North America of the Sovereign Republic of the Abenaki Nation International. Your ex-wife and children might have Indian in them; but you do not have any Indian in your line! and that you, Mr. Swett, were never made chief of anything at all by our Grand Council at the time of the 1993 [sic]....[1994] August 20-22 Pow-Wow; but you promised to sign papers, (but not as a chief for membership), and
WHEREAS, That Mr. Ralph Swett, owner of the Evensville [sic] Trading Post in Evansville, Vremont [sic] and other associated with him in the So-called Evansville Council of the Cowasuck Abenaki has come toghther [sic] to form an unauthorized council that was not, and it is not, approved by the Grand Chief, Homer W. St. Francis, nor by the Abenaki Nation International, (see attached paper) that was hand delivered to Mr. Swett by Amb. [Ambassador] Darrell Larocque and Chief Spokesman for the Cowasuck of North America Inc. Howard F. Knight Jr. (#3) paper, and
WHEREAS, Ralph Swett and his associates in this venture have illegally and with malicious intent, are trying to use the Cowasuck of North America Council of the Abenaki Nation name's which can only be uesed [sic] by this Council, with in the Ancient Cowasuck Territory, per the order of the Grand Chief, who has recognized this council, and only this Cowasuck Council, as the authorized Cowasuck Council; (see paper attached #2), and
WHEREAS, The Cowasuck of North America is a Vermont Corporation, Incorporated under the Laws of the State of Vermont and is a Non-Profit Corporation, recognized by the IRS under 501-C3 and which is wholly recognized entity of the Sovereign Republic of the Abenaki Nation International.
BE IT RESOLVED, We will take the necessary action, to protect our Council, and Incorporation as whole, and as separate entitites together in Unity in the Soveriegn Republic of the Abenaki Nation International.
Dated this 20th Day of January, 1995 in Coventry, Abenaki Territory, Vt.

Respectfully Yours;
Howard F. Knight, Jr. (AKA Rushing Water)
Howard F. Knight, Jr. (aka Rushing Water)
Chief - Grand Council Cowasuck of North America

Official: Chuck Labor (AKA Light Feather)
Chuck Labor (aka Light Feather)
Tribal Judge - Grand Council
Cowasuck of North America

Cindy J. Shover (AKA Loon Caller)
Cindy J. Shover (aka Loon Caller)
Assoc. Chief
Spokesman - Grand Council
Cowasuck North America
cc: Grand Chief, Homer W. St. Francis Sr.
Spirit Bear [Emerson Bidwell Garfield]
Amb. Darrell R. Larocque

LINK: http://reinventedvermontabenaki.blogspot.com/2010/02/september-to-december-1994-alnobak-news.html

LINK: http://reinventedvermontabenaki.blogspot.com/2010/02/homer-walter-st-francis-sr-letter-dec.html

LINK: http://reinventedvermontabenaki.blogspot.com/2010/09/january-18-1995-darrell-larocque.html The three "LINKS" above show and provide the "Gestapo" type of tactics against anyone "outside" their so-called "Abenaki" "Tribes" a.k.a. "Culture Vulture Clubs" in my opinion.

 LINK: http://reinventedvermontabenaki.blogspot.com/2010/02/nulhegan-group-article-in-express.html Obviously, it is already documented on this blog, that Luke Andrew Willard (a.k.a. "Falling Owl" and his sidekick Nancy Lee Cote-Rolls (who was a Card-Holding Inc. member of Homer's group as well) LEFT the Clan of the Hawk Inc. which Ralph Swett (a.k.a. "Chief Spirit Water" "Chief Lone Cloud" created back in 1994. Luke Andrew Willard also was a member of the David Hill (a.k.a. "Sly Wolf")'s Incorporation calling itself "NORTH AMERICAN PEOPLE OF THE DAWN, SOVEREIGN NATION, INC." created on October 12, 1993.
LINK: http://reinventedvermontabenaki.blogspot.com/2010/01/north-american-people-of-dawn-sovereign.html 

LINK: http://reinventedvermontabenaki.blogspot.com/2010/01/more-about-hereditary-high-chief-grand.html

LINK: http://reinventedvermontabenaki.blogspot.com/2010/01/july-06-1998-letter-from-senator.html

My Response:
Now if people reading this blog, actually "followed" along using the LINKS provided, people would understand and attempt to figure out that Luke Andrew Willard (right along with Donald Warren Stevens Jr.) claim that their INCORPORATION is an authentic Vermont Abenaki Tribe. FAR FROM IT. Also, (and I would sincerely like EVERY VERMONT POLITICIAN to PAY ATTENTION to the following) I just recently received an email DIRECTLY from Ralph Skinner Swett's relative, whose done a wee bit of genealogical research on the family, and ran across this blog's content and commentary. He states that Ralph is no more Native American, let alone an Abenaki ... any more than he is! There is NO NATIVE AMERICAN ANCESTRY in Ralph Swett according to this relative of Ralph Swett's.... AT ALL. So what does this say about the following image?
If Ralph Skinner Swett of Orleans County, Vermont (a.k.a. "Chief Rushing Water" and also a.k.a. "Chief Lone Cloud") IS NOT AN ABENAKI or even has Native American Ancestry, then what was he doing in late July or early August of 1998 making Senator Vincent Illuzzi an HONORARY CHIEF, assuming the name "Fighting Wolf" at the Evansville, Orleans County, Vermont Pow-Wow?
Oh, that's right. Ralph Swett LOVES to PLAY INDIAN right along with Howard Franklin Knight Jr., Homer Walter St. Francis Sr. and Paul Wilson Pouliot! One FAKE FRAUDULENT WANNABE ABENAKI CHIEF making another FRAUDULENT WANNABE ABENAKI CHIEF in Vermont (or MA, or NH etc). One "Honorary" Abenaki "Chief" creating another "Honorary" Abenaki "Chief".
One can see the Corporate "Abenaki" Organization's these people like Luke Andrew Willard comes from. Give me a break people. These "Chiefs" and this corrupted biased VCNAA Commission (and with their alleged "outside" scholars supporting them) are composed of illegitmate fradulent people who claim to be Abenaki Tribes, and or from "Abenaki Communities" within Vermont.
These groups (Corporate organizations) are merely incorporations, as I have said all along, that factually and documentarily border on being New Age, Culture Vulture Club, Shaman-istic, Rainbow'er "Everybody Is An Indian At Heart" type of dynamic....w. their "Medicine Wheels", etc.
August 09, 2010 - WEEKEND POWWOW - Grandfather Philip Thibault, 85, of Swanton, Vermont who has been coming to the annual powwow in Evansville, Vermont for 17 years, does an impromptu Native dance. See story on page A5.
Page A5 - 19th Intertribal Powwow Celebrated in Evansville
By Gordon Alexander News Correspondent
EVANSVILLE, Vt. - Several hundred visitors from both sides of the border met on the tribal reservation [huh?] of the Abenaki [?] Clan of the Hawk for the 19th annual two-day Intertribal/International Powwow in Evansville last weekend. The get together featured traditional dancing, food and crafts.
On the tribal grounds were traditional teepees and wigwams, as well as more practical and conventional tents for creature-comfort laden travelers. There was a grand entry into a Abenaki spiritual circle for some dancing to three drum groups with many of the participants dressed in tribal regalia.
"It is not too late to get smudged before the Grand Entry ceremony," Chief Lone Cloud [Ralph Skinner Swett] of the Clan of the Hawk Inc. said on a loud speaker as assorted groups of Native Americans and Canada's First Nation dressed in traditional regalia were getting ready for the opening ceremony.
The Grand Entry highlighted the day's activities at the powwow on the Clan of the Hawk grounds on Route 58 in Evansville.
Native American flute player/story teller John Loper was the guest entertainer. Also featured were the First Light Drum, woman's drum group, Seven Arrows Spirit Drum from Bristol, N.H., and the First Nation Bear Clan Drum group from Troy, Vt. The emcee was Randy Smith from Irasburg.
A familiar face at the powwow was Grandfather Phil Thibault, 85, of Swanton, who has been coming to the annual powwow in Evansville for 17 years. Grandfather Phil awared Clan of the Hawk Chief Long Cloud with a ceremonial three-sisters Peace Bundle of corn, beans, squash and spices.
The Clan of the Hawk is a very active group of Native Americans that belong to the Northeast Wind Council of the Abenaki Nation of Vermont. A few years ago, the Clan of the Hawk formed a craft cooperative to promote Native heritage and give its members and friends a chance to learn some of the old crafts that had almost been forgotten. This program continues on a year round basis.
May 29, 2010 Photograph
[Left to Right]
Howard Franklin Knight Jr.
Chief "Rushing Water"
Chief "Grandfather Circle"
Philip Thibault
"Soaring Eagle"
Ralph Skinner Swett
Chief "Spirit Water"
Chief "Lone Cloud"

Rough Draft of the Abenaki Incorporation's Unification of August 17, 1994:

Page [1.]
Page [2.]
Page [3.]
Page [4.]
NOTICE that up "in the right upper portion of this particular page", that Walter Watso (of Odanak, Qc) was referred to as "Associate Grand Chief". It would seem that these "Abenaki" Corporations here in New England, were simply dangling a "TITLE" like a "carrot" to intice the late "Chief" Walter Watso down out of Odanak to sign this concocted Resolution-Agreement of Unity, simply so he could gratify his own inflated EGO, and sense of POWER. Perhaps the Indian Headdress began at some point in 1976-77 to restrict the blood flow? It does make one wonder, why he assumed that uniting Abenaki Corporations that were created "under state law" would unite these people who claimed to be Abenakis and of Abenaki Tribes, based on dubious Abenaki historical, genealogical and social connection(s)?
Page [5.]
Here one can see  the indication of inclusion of Becancour (Wolinak) and Odanak (St. Francis Mission Abenaki) with this endeavor yet, neither the Band Council's of either Abenaki Community geographically located in the Province of Quebec, Canada were actually associated with the signing of this Resolution-Agreement, aside from the single Abenaki of Odanak member (whom had no active political standing in that Abenaki Community, then in Aug. 1994 or in the future), Walter Watso.
Page [6.]
On this particular page document, one can see that quite a number of "witnesses" who profess to "repesent" alleged and reinvented Vermont, New Hampshire, or even Massachusetts "Abenaki" "Communities" (all of which, historically BEFORE their Corporation's status "under their perspective state laws", were all "hiding in plain sight"). Of interest is the LACK OF SIGNING, even though their names are placed on this document. Such as Robert Thomas  of the "Winooski Band", "Chubby" Wayne J. Hoague of the "Green Moutain Band" and Thomas Obomsawin of the "St. Francis Band" (whom had been very supportive of "Chief" Homer Walter St. Francis Sr. since the late 1980's.
 Envelope Postmared October 24, 1994
Baton Rouge, Louisiana 708
From Cora K. (nee: Knight) Webre
41060 Turo Lane
Gonzales, Louisiana 70737
to her sibling brother
Howard Franklin Knight, Jr.
Chief Rushing Water
Grand Council
Territorial Headquarters of Cowasuck of NA
RFD-2 Box 530-A
Alderbrook Road
Newport, VT 05855
Grand Chief Homer St. Francis
Supreme Council
Sovereign Republic of the Abanaki Nation International
44 Liberty Street
Missisquoi [Swanton], VT 05488
October 23, 1994

Dear Grand Chief St. Francis;
I am the sister of Howard F. Knight Jr. (AKA Rushing Water) and I respectfully request authorization to form an Abanaki Nation Council here in Louisiana to be known as the Abanaki Allied Bands Council of Louisiana headquartered here in Ascension Parish; Gonzales, LA.
Please advise me regards your decision as soon as is possible. We agree to abide by the same by-laws and constitutions as all of the other recognized councils of the Sovereign Republic of the Abanaki Nation International.
Cora May Knight Webre
41060 Turo Lane
Gonzales, LA 70737
cc: Darrell LaRocque; Charlotte, N.C.
Chief Spokesman Howard F. Knight Jr.
Newport, Vermont
Council File
Personal File

My Response:
Upon reviewing the Cora May (nee: Knight) Webre letter dated October 13, 1994 ... it would appear that SOLICITATION of more "Councils" (which were actually corporate creations of dubious alleged and reinvented "Abenakis") was the "name of the game" going on. The more "Councils" (Corporate Entities "under perspective state laws") that were created under "Grand Chief" Homer St. Francis Sr. of Swanton, Vermont ... the more supposed political power he and his own "St. Francis/Sokoki" Corporated group assumed to have gained. Kinda reminds one of an infestation of bed bugs actually or of the process of infection a virus would do, between species. Heck, if Paul Wilson Pouliot could create Cowasuck Abenaki Corporation's in California, Oregon, Washington state, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Connecticut, so too could Howard Knight Jr. and Homer St. Francis Sr.! I guess you could call it the Reinvention of the Alleged Abenaki Nation under the United States of America, Inc.

Abenaki Unification Accord 3 Page Document; August 17, 1994 Resolution-Agreement Between Incorporation President's/Chief's:

Abenaki Unification Accord
We the United Bands of the Abenaki People here within sign our names to this accord to bring about a document of unity before the governing authorities that now control our ancestral lands, which was once called by them "red man's land". We being the descendants of the proud original Abenaki people sign our names in agreement to the words spoken in the unification accord:
No one group or band will appoint a Grand chief to represent the entire Abenaki people; in place of aforesaid position all groups or bands will send a delegation to the council meetings, to represent each group or band, no less than two delegates shall come to the council meetings, no one person shall represent their group or band before the council. Each group or band can send as many delegates as they wish, but only four from each group or band shall speak before the council in debate on any subject confronting said delegation.
Each group or band shall have four votes, and no more than four, when a decision has to be made. When all votes are presented, then the subjects of the council shall make a temporary vote either to pass or reject said proposal. When this vote is accomplished by the council, all decisions made by the council will not become law until the delegation returns to their groups or bands to have the people give their final word on the vote.
Once the people have heard and given their voice on the proposal their delegation once again comes before the council with the peoples decision and place it before the rest of the delegation in attendance, the consensus of the delegates present must be made to carry out said proposal. No decision shall be made by one person or small delegation but by the consensus of the entire delegation, they shall decide on the fate of the next 7 generations, by passing or rejecting the proposal presented to them, in this manner the whole population of the Abenaki people shall have a say in governmental matters.
This accord shall unite the Abenaki people into one national entity which will carry out its decision, even though some of these decisions will be in opposition of the coexisting governments that now occupy our ancestral territories.
The most we can offer our people at this time through the Unification Accord is a United Abenaki people with the beginnings of a re-established governing body which was driven underground by those now in power.
We hereby affix our signatures to this accord in agreement to work as a United body to bring forth the traditional laws/taboos of our people and to do this without the interference of the coexisting Federal and State governments. We with this accord promised to send delegates to the Peoples Council to participate in the drawing up of a constitution of the United Bands of the Abenaki people. We know in the past our people did not need paper for such agreements but in today's society we must put it down on paper to make sure no one will misinterpret our words and goals set out in this accord.
Within this accord we give our word both verbally and on paper to work on the concerns of our people in a united effort to bring forth a centralized governing body which will be a true for of individualized democracy.
We the undersigned, understand there are many who feel they represent the people, as chiefs. We do not deny this as being a factual statement, but all we state in this accord is they do not represent the entire Abenaki people. We invite these individuals to come and sign their names to this accord being the representatives of their people, for with their strength and ours we can become a stronger entity to deal with.
With this accord we also recognize the existence of the governmental entities which now rule in coexistence with our own. We respect their laws and will obey said laws until they conflict with our own which were given to us by our creators. With this signing we take notice of their political existence with the aspect they in turn do the same to our form of governing. We will not deliberately break their laws which do not conflict with those of our creators. We will follow their standards while we are in their jurisdiction, as we expect them to do the same in ours. This form of mutual recognition is what we offer to the Provincial, State, and Federal governing bodies, with full understanding, if we break any of their laws which do not contradict the laws of the creators, then we will expect the punishment which comes with such action and be tried in their courts of law. We in turn will do the same with those of their citizens who break our laws on Abenaki land. We the undersigned agree to this coexistence with the foreign governments which are no in our ancestral lands.
The United Bands of the Abenaki People who will be signing the accord will make our government as strong and knowledgeable of the creators laws/taboos. With this in mind our government will be four parts. In one, the Peoples council shall sit as executive, legislative, judicial, and spiritual, all for of these aspects will be carried out as one embodiment to govern our people, which will bring forth a constitution which will benefit all our people and which will unite our people under one law, laws which they the people will help decide on and who will willfully follow the laws  which we bring forth with this accord will be directed by the creators.
We the undersigned, being representatives of our different groups or bands bring about this accord to unite our people as a United Abenaki People. With our signatures we respect the identity of each and every group or band which signs this accord all others who do not sign will not be denied acknowledgment, but they will not be allowed to sit on the peoples council without first accepting this accord with their signatures.

NOTE: The creator/writer of this particular 3-Page "Abenaki Unification Accord, has yet to be ascertained. Apparently, whomever it was that typed this up, forget to mention or acknowledge that these "Abenaki" groups or bands, had already created corporations "under state laws", therefore, contrary to the delusion that these "Abenaki" groups or bands were separate from the Federal and or State Governmental entities which now rule in coexistence "with our own" and that these groups or bands of alleged and reinvented "Abenakis" will respect their laws....again, someone is simply fooling their one operative brain cell left functioning, if they simply cannot realize that these supposed "Abenaki" groups or bands are "sovereign" since their incorporating under Federal and or State laws.
G.C. HW. ST. F
Grand Chief Homer W. St. Francis Sr.
August 17, 1994
P.O. BOX 276
(802) 868-2559 or 868-7146
(802) 868-5118 FAX #
Whereas, throughout pre-recorded, and recorded history, it is an indisputed fact that the ABENAKI NATION and its people have always been spread across a large land mass of the Northeastern part of the North American continent, throughout the many eons of time, and
Whereas, an artificial boundary was set across the ancient ABENAKI TERRITORY by the European colonies, thereby resulting in the splitting of our brothers and sisters, and their clans and bands, young and old, in their Ancient territory onto two, sides of the said artificially imposed line that has made our people to become known as an International Aboriginal Nation, and
Whereas, the forceably seperated bands and clans and people of the SOVEREIGN ABENAKI NATION on both sides of the artificially imposed division known as the U.S. - Canadian border have now, in the year 1994, allied themselves together under the reborn Supreme Council of the Republic of the SOVEREIGN ABENAKI NATION INTERNATIONAL, and under the leadership of its newly elected Grand Chief, Homer St. Francis Sr., and
Whereas, the new unity has come about for the first time in joint Solemn Council and agreement since 1712 and 1713, and it clearly is of foremost importance and necessity that the new unity prevails to prevent, from this day forward, any further encroachments, environmental degradations, illegal acts and activities and acts of genocide against our Nation, our land, and its people by non-natives and "wanna-bes", within and without outside our ANCIENT ABENAKI TERRITORY, and
Whereas, it is the clear and full intent and purpose of the SOVEREIGN REPUBLIC OF THE ABENAKI NATION INTERNATIONAL that ALL eligible ABORIGINAL AND ABENAKI COUNCILS within our ancient territory shall receive their rightful and proper recognition; and
Whereas, brotherhood, friendship, cooperation and trade between all ABORIGINAL PEOPLE and their democratically elected councils within the ANCIENT ABENAKI TERRITORY is in the best interests of the SOVEREIGN ABENAKI NATION and all those who are of ABORIGINAL ANCESTRY.
Therefore be it resolved, that the SUPREME COUNCIL of the Republic of the SOVEREIGN ABENAKI NATION INTERNATIONAL, in SOLEMN SUPREME COUNCIL ASSEMBLED IN ANCIENT ABENAKI TERRITORY, and in SOLEMN AGREEMENT, in brotherhood, friendship and cooperation does hereby recognized as brothers and sisters, the UNIFIED ALLIED COUNCILS and their freely elected leaders, as members councils within the REPUBLIC OF THE SOVEREIGN ABENAKI NATION INTERNATIONAL, and
Be it further resolved, that the SUPREME COUNCIL OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE SOVEREIGN ABENAKI NATION INTERNATIONAL shall render any all requested aid and/ or assistance to the member councils that it can render within the constraints of its abilities to do so, and the same shall be applicable from the member council and between the said member councils to each other and also to the Supreme Council, to include 10% of the yearly net income of each of the member councils to the Supreme Council, and
Be it also resolved, that by the signatures and seals attached hereon, this date, this document does become a permanent and binding agreement between the said councils, and
Therefore, be it finally resolved, that by the signatures and/or seals, or both, attached hereon, this document does hereby become further, a permanent and binding Resolution and Agreement of Recognition, brotherhood, friendship, cooperation and trade between the signatory councils, and it is activated by the signatures and/or seals of the Grand Chief or his official representatives, and the freely elected and recognized leaders of the Allied Councils hereby and hereon attached, and witness to same upon signing and or sealing this day.
DATED THIS 20TH day of August 1994, in Evansville, Ancient Abenaki Territory, Vermont.
Supreme Council-Rep. of the Sovereign Abenaki Nation, Interm

Walter Watso
Assoc. [crossed out] Grand Chief-Walter Watso

Chief Tribal Judge Michael A. Delaney
Chief Tribal Judge-Michael A. Delaney
Sovereign Republic of the Abenaki Nation International

Howard F. Knight, Jr. (AKA Rushing Water)
Howard F. Knight Jr. (aka Rushing Water)
Chief Spokesman, CNA

Cindy J. Shover (aka Loon Caller)
Cindy J. Shover (aka Loon Caller)
Assoc. Spokesman

Charles Labor (AKA Light Feather)
Charles Labor (aka Light Feather)
Judge-of Cowasuck of N.A.
Grand Council of the Allied Bands of Southern New England:

Ray Lussier Looking Glass
Ray Lussier (aka Looking Glass)
Chief Spokesman, Massachusetts

Willam Martineau - Long Step
William Martineau (AKA Long Step)
Assoc. Spokesman

Sherbrooke Aboriginal Community Council:

Roland Demers AKA (Wisdom Listener)
Roland Demers Chief Spokesman
Sherbrooke Community Council

Michel Moisan
Assoc. Chief - Michel Moisan


Pierre H. Richards
Pierre Heroux Richards
CHief Spokesman S.A.C.C.

Claude Jean
Associate Spokesman, sacc

A. Greyhawk Milano
Ray Milano chief Spokesman-Athens Council
AL (Greyhawk) Milano

Margurite Soft Spoken One Decker
Associate Spokesman-Athens Council
Margurite Soft Spoken One Decker


Newton Washburn
Chief Spokesman, Council of N.H.

Nancy Cruger -Lyons-Doucet
Assoc. Spokesman, Council of N.H.

The above two [Newton Washburn and Nancy Cruger] had three wtinesses: Philip J. Thibault, Roland Demers and Charles Labor

Wayne E. Hall A.K.A. Mountain Cougar
N.H. Ambassador

Chief Spokesman-ESCA
Assoc. Spokesman, ESCA

Edward Verge/ Little Wolf
Ambassador Abenaki Nation N.E. Vt.

Emerson B. Garfield (aka Spirit Bear)
Emerson B. Garfield (aka Spirit Bear)
Cowasuck/Coos Band

John Lawyer AKA Grey Wolf
John Lawyer aka Grey Wolf
St. Francis/ Sokoki Band

Roger Lucas (AKA Lightfoot)
Roger Lucas (aka Lightfoot)
Cowasuck/ Coos Band

Brian Lemois (AKA Spirit Wolf)
Brian Lemois (aka Spirit Wolf)
Cowasuck Band

Darrell R. Larocque
Darrell R. Larocque (aka Big Bear Claw)
St. Francis Band St. Francis/ Sokoki

Melody Nunn AKA Wolf Walker
Melody Nunn (aka Stands Tall Woman) (aka Wolf Walker)
Cowasuck/Coos Band
Witness E.B.G. (Emerson Bidwell Garfield)

Philip Thibault
Philip Thibault (aka Souring Eagle)
St. Francis/Sokoki Band

Ina E. Delaney
Ina E. Delaney (aka Snow Cat)
St. Francis/Sokoki Band

Philip L. Martin
Phil Martin (aka Grey Fox)
Cowasuck/Coos Band-Mass.

Allen Cornell
Sokoki Band
Harry C. Shover
Harry Shover
Cowasuck/Coos Band.

Nancy Lemois (Spring Flower)
Nancy Lemois (aka Spring Flower)
Cowasuck Band

Phenix Hearn
Caroline "Phenix" Hearn
St. Francis/Sokoki Band

R. Hart
R. Hart
Lon Eagle/Snake
Wassakeag Band
Signed, Sealed and dated, this 20th day of August 1994, in Evansville, Ancient Abenaki Territory, Northeastern North America.

My Response:
Why Evansville, Orleans County, Vermont? The answer is Ralph Skinner Swett and the property where Clan of Hawk, Inc. holds its "pow-wow" and events every year. Ralph Skinner Swett agreed to have the Unity (Resolution-Agreement) done where everybody could gather at a Pow-Wow, sign this document. All it was, was "incorporation's" under state-sanction, under the laws of the state, coming together, with their "followers"/solicited "memberships" to witness such a thing. I even referred to this August 1994 Unification of Incorporation's that made the late "Chief" Homer St. Francis Sr. turn into a "Grand Chief" before on this blog. LINK: http://reinventedvermontabenaki.blogspot.com/2009/10/ralph-skinner-swett-and-clan-of-hawk.html
Later, some of these Incorporation's revoked the title of "Grand Chief" to Homer's  and gave that "Grand Chief" "Crown and Throne" to Walter Watso, instead. If Walter Watso couldn't be an "authentic" Chief in his home community of Odanak, by gosh the man could go to Sherbrooke and the United States, and be a "Chief" and then "Grand Chief" of the Abenaki. Plus he could stop by Nancy Milette-Cruger-Lyons-Doucet's place in Bethlehem and sign Artist Certificates and more "important" papers making everyone and their grandmother's "Abenaki" Ambassador's, just like Homer St. Francis Sr.
So, this is how "Cowasuck" "Clan of the Hawk Inc." "Chief" Ralph Skinner Swett got started back in the day. It was all about $$$$, Status, Ego, Power and Control with all of these people claiming to be Abenakis and Abenaki Chiefs, Grand Chiefs, Sub Chiefs, etc. Howard Franklin Knight, Jr. "cooked up the idea" to call the new Incorporation "Clan of the Hawk" because he was pissed off at Paul Wilson Pouliot (then down in Worcester, MA with his "Tribal Headquarters" "Office of the Tribal Council" and his "The Red Hawk Lodge" shenanigans of early 1993) because Pouliot would not give back the Corporation paperwork regarding Abenaki Nation of Vermont. So, to "play games", Howard Knight Jr. and Ralph Swett decided to "do a number on Pouliot" by creating Cowasuck of North America, Inc. in April of 1993 which was two months after Pouliot had created an Incorporation down in Worcester County, Massachusetts called COWASS NORTH AMERICA, Inc. Pouliot claimed to be of the Red Hawk Clan, so in turn Ralph Swett called his Corporation "Clan of the Hawk, Inc." None of these people were legitimately connected to a legitimately historical Abenaki Cowasuck Missisquoi or other Abenaki Tribe. What all these people were connected to, were mere Corporations that had inference's to using the word Abenaki in them, so as to imply that these people, these groups, these organizations actually represented Abenaki People connected to Abenaki Community. Which was as far from the truth, as one could get.

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