Saturday, November 28, 2009
Step 30 Foward Along The Yellow Brick Road Of The Reinvented Abenakis Of Vermont And New Hampshire; Etc:
Document 01: Exhibit #28. Backside coverpage of "Indian New England Before the Mayflower" by Howard S. Russell. Sold at the Swanton, Vermont "Tribal Center" by the group led by the late Homer St. Francis Sr., and now led by his daughter April St. Francis - Rushlow - Merrill. These "groups" proclaiming to being legitimately descendants of the Abenaki Ancestors, seem to have had to lean on other scholarly works such as from books such as "Dawnland Encounters" by Calloway, or this book by Howard S. Russell. The reason I think (of course, I could be completely wrong in my conclusions) that these alleged Abenaki groups cannot seem to give their own historical or genealogical record(s) (instead of leaning on and borrowing from these academic scholars, who write "from outside" the Abenaki culture, history, and genealogical foundations) is simply because these alleged reinvented Abenaki groups (the Vermont and New Hampshire "Abenaki Community" as these groups like to refer to themselves) very likely have had no foundation that does clearly and convincingly connects to the Abenaki People/ Ancestors. I am merely stating what I personally find that it is indeed perplexing, odd and strange that a group of self-proclaiming and self-promoting "Abenaki descendants alleged foundations of alleged having carried on Abenaki "heritage(s)", cannot/ and will not openly (without hesitation or protest) show and provide the merits and foundations of their own genealogical backgrounds and "heritages" that they seemingly have "appropriated," (without having to appropriate someone else's scholarly works to imply that the scholarly work of someone else) somehow applies to their alleged Abenaki ancestors historical, social or genealogical records.
The single mili-second (give or take a few months perhaps) that one begins to suspect, doubt and or confronts these alleged and re-invented Abenaki "groups" representatives/ "Chiefs" or "Speakers" and or their "membership" card-holder's "actual genealogical foundations", they scrabble around grabbing at "Wabanaki", "Eastern Woodlands", so-called "Traditional Core Values", and already these people of these alleged "Abenaki groups" here in Vermont and New Hampshire point at their beadworking, their Abenaki Language Revitalization "camps", and or their pounding out brown or black ash logs and or making ash splint baskets. They will say they are perpetuating an Abenaki "living culture". When the reality is questioned, they spew out their excuses i.e. "our ancestors were hiding in plain sight" or "We were targets of the Eugenics Progam". Really? ANYTHING to distort, to elude, to ignore the questions given to them all. They will do anything (even bury their heads in the dirt) other than confronting the real honest reality and truth that not 95% or even 25% percent of these people have not a foundation genealogically-speaking that they can or will show and provide to anyone, that they are legitimately of Abenaki descent. These "appropriations" of attempting to "save" the Abenaki language, of beadworking in "Wabanaki" or "Eastern Woodlands style", pounding ash logs and making ash splint basketmaking, or putting on presentations of Wabanaki/ Eastern Woodlands "Story-Telling," are recently acquired activities of these persons, in order to "imply" they are perpetuating something "from their ancestors." Hardly the truth of the matter when one begins to review, gather and study these particular groups/ people's genealogical and historical social records! Most 99% percent of these people within these alleged Abenaki groups here in Vermont and New Hampshire, were not raised by their relatives doing beadworking, basketmaking, or storytelling; etc. These tactic's are "window-dressing". I think it is yet another "illusionary distortion" these people create for the public, right along with the ribbon shirts, the beads, and the feathers (and the pony tails), to make the public assume that the group's (Inc.'s) alleging to being Abenaki, are indeed legitimate, when in fact documentarily they are not even remotely Abenakis from and of Vermont or New Hampshire ancestrally or contemporarily. Just ask for their genealogical documentation of being Abenaki "from their ancestors." Ask these groups and their "members"/ Card Holders who self proclaim and self-identify as being Western and or Eastern Abenaki, from what historical community of Abenakis do they come from. Inquire of these so-called "representatives" of the Vermont or New Hampshire Abenakis to show and provide the foundation documentarily as to why they claim to be Abenaki, and a person 99% percent of the time, will get that "Wall of Silence". One will be accused of perpetuating "Paper Genocide" and that one is a racist. Accusations will fly, that one who doubts, who questions, who inquires as to the merits of these alleged reinvented Abenaki groups and or persons, is "negative", has an alleged "progressive sickness"; etc.
In the end, there is no foundation, and no documentary evidence to show and provide that these people/groups can show that they are legitimately of Abenaki descent 95% percent of them (according to Charles Francis True Jr.). So they "use" and point to other scholarly work, in order to try and imply substantiation of their own created illusions and distortions of being Abenaki. Yet, no genealogical evidence from their ancestors is provided documentarily-speaking. I do find that a bit strange.
Document 02: Exhibit #28 Page 186. Underlined is the sentence, "The pleasant upper Connecticut Valley, except for a Squakheag or Sokoki village at Vernon just above the present Massachusetts line.
Document 03: Exhibit #28 Page 187 of"Indian New England Before the Mayflower" by Howard S. Russell. "There was a Cowassuck settlement at Newbury, was lightly inhabited." Again, they are speaking of a pre-1750 time-frame.
Document 04: Exhibit #28 Page 04. "Bulldozer Levels Marlboro Indian Dig." Dated October 01, 1980 of the Telegram Marlboro Bureau Newspaper by Herbert O'Connor.
Document 05: Exhibit #28 Page 05. "Do Indians Own the Common? City Parks Chief Wants a Powwow."
Step 29 Forward Along The Yellow Brick Road Of The Reinvented Abenakis Of Vermont And New Hampshire; Etc:
Document 01: Exhibit #25. Official Tribal Rolls of the Northeast Woodlands-Coos Tribe of the Western Abenaki Confederation-Abenaki Republic Algonquin Confederation (Traditional) of Indigenous Peoples.
1. Howard F. Knight Jr. RFD. #2 Box 530-A Alderbrook Road, Newport Vermont 05855 Card No. 0001 Green Turtle Clan. Date of Enfranchisement: 1980. Council of Elders-Approved: Reaffirmed: 13 June 1992.2. Minnie F. Knight (Same address-wife of Howard F. Knight). Card No. 0002. Same Clan. Same year of "Enfranchisement" and same date of reaffirmation date by approval of the "Council of Elders" on 13 June 1992.
3. Matthew R. Knight. (Same address-grandson adopted legally by Howard F. Knight and Minnie F. Knight). Card No. 0003. Same Clan. Date of Enfranchisement: October 1989. Reaffirmed by "Council of Elders" on 13 June 1992.
4. Franklin W. Knight II. (Same address c/o parents Howard F. and Minnie F. Knight-father to Matthew R. Knight). Card No. 0004. Same Clan. Date of Enfranchisement: 1980. Reaffirmed by "Council of Elders" 13 June 1992.
5. Krystal L. Knight. Address: c/o DSS-C.P.S. Kingston, Ulster County, New York. Card No. 0005. Same Clan. Date of Enfranchisment: Jan 1991. Reaffirmed by "Council of Elders" on 13 June 1992.
6. Katelynn M. Knight. Address: the same as #5 of this same document. Card No. 0006. Date of Enfranchisement: 13 June 1992. Reaffirmed by "Council of Elders" on 13 June 1993 (like everybody else on this list).
7. Angela M. Knight. Address: c/o DSS, State of Idaho, Region 4, Boise, Idaho. (C.P.S. is Child Protective Services and DSS is Department of Social Services). Card No. 0007. Turtle Clan. Date of Enfranchisement: October 1989. Reaffirmed by "Council of Elders" on 13 June 1992.
8. Roberta R. Knight. Twin daughter of Howard and Minnie Knight. Address: P.O. Box 76 in Post Mills, Vermont 05058. Card No. 0008. Turtle Clan. Date of Enfranchisement: 1980. Reaffirmed: 13 June 1992.
9. Blake A. Manning. (Same address as #8). Card No. 0009. Date of Enfranchisement: October 1991. Reaffirmed: 13 June 1992.
10. Sheila M. Blandin. (Twin sister to #8). Address: Box 127 Chamberlain Hill Road; RFD in Vershire, Vermont 05079. Card No. 00010. Turtle Clan. Date of Enfranchisement: 1980. Reaffirmed: 13 June 1992.
11. Forrest S. Blandin. Son to Sheila M. (Knight) Blandin. Card No. 00011. Turtle Clan. Date of Enfranchisement: October 1989. Reaffirmed: 13 June 1992 by "Council of Elders."
12. Damon W. Blandin. Son to Sheila M. (Knight) Blandin. Card No. 00012. Turtle Clan. Date of Enfranchisement: October 1991. Reaffirmed: 13 June 1992.
13. Cora M. Webre. Sister to Howard F. Knight Jr. Address 41052 Turo Lane in Gonzales, Louisiana. Card No. 00013. Turtle Clan. Date of Enfranchisement: 1980. Reaffirmed: 13 June 1992.
Interesting that Howard Franklin Knight Jr. was the one creating and issuing these "Membership Cards" into his "group" to his own family members! First, to himself #00001, then his wife Minnie #00002, and to his adopted grandson Matthew #00003, and right on down the familial line.......
Document 02: Exhibit #26. Business Card of Chief Homer St. Francis, Depot Street Box 276 in Swanton, Vermont 05488. Phone: (802) 868-2259 or (802)868-7146. Fax: (802) 868-5118. Sovereign Abenaki Nation - Republic of Missisquoi.
Document 03: Exhibit #27 Page 01. Newsletter dated August 1992 of The Sovereign Abenaki Nation of Indigenous People. Postmarked Springfield, Massachusetts on September 05, 1992 from ASHAI in Swanton, Vermont to Arthur Marchand of 126 Sterling Street in Worcester, Massachusetts 01613.
Document 04: Exhibit #27 Page 02. Newsletter dated August 1992 of The Sovereign Abenaki Nation of Indigenous People.
Document 05: Exhibit #27 Page 03. Newsletter dated August 1992 of The Sovereign Abenaki Nation of Indigenous People. Here's a question that just begs to be answered
regarding Title V Indian Education". WHY is it that the "Title V Indian Education" in ONLY Franklin County, Vermont (?), and not anywhere else in the State of Vermont! Was there (retrospectively-speaking) "behind-closed-doors" agreement or some secret documents signed by the Homer St. Francis "group," to restrict Title V Indian Education from ever escaping Franklin County, Vermont into other counties of the State of Vermont? THINK about it. What about Orleans County, Caledonia County, Orange County, Essex County or Chittenden County, Vermont and don't these counties also have Native People descendants? Hmmmm, I guess the lack of Title V Indian Education being administered elsewhere in the State of Vermont, that "someone" has been at least implying that the only Reinvented - Alleged Abenaki / Indian People descendants exist solely in Franklin County, Vermont, and nowhere else in the State of Vermont.
Document 05: Exhibit #27 Page 04. Newsletter dated August 1992 of The Sovereign Abenaki Nation of Indigenous People. Notice the "Abenaki Indian Center" near Manchester, New Hampshire at 381 Chestnut Street in Manchester, N.H. Telephone: (603) 644-3777. Paul Stevens was Director of such Inc. Organization but after his passing, the new Director was Sharon Hunt.
I have spoken of Allan Martell's alliance with and support from and for the late Homer St. Francis Sr. and also in regards to Charles Francis True Jr. whom operates the "Abenaki Nation of New Hampshire" which evolved out of this "Abenaki Indian Center" of Manchester, New Hamsphire on this blog.
Indeed, previous "Exhibits" (Steps Along The Yellow Brick Road) retrospectively from the Corporation "Protest" Hearing of January 26, 1993 in Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts came from these very books that this Swanton, Vermont "group" (led by the late late Homer St. Francis Sr.) was selling in August 1992 via their "Tribal Center". Seems to me that perhaps Mr. Arthur Marchand of Worcester, MA was "good enough" to get on the mailing list for these Swanton Newsletters, but later found "not good enough" to be yet another "Chief" of the Reinvented Alleged Abenakis.
Or was he just simply being scape-goated into taking the blame for what happened in California, etc. in regards to Homer St. Francis Sr., Roger Deshanais, and Howard F. Knight Jr. in the Sherrie DeVee-Jinks C.P.S./D.S.H.S./Judicial child custody case out in Eldorado County, CA in mid-to-late 1992? Sort of like a smoke and mirrors type of tactic to distract one from noticing that underneath this Arthur Marchand vs. Howard F. Knight/ Paul W. Pouliot/ Homer St. Francis "situation" was some ennormous huge pile of "b.s." they all tried to conduct against the State's of Vermont, California, and Massachusetts.
Certainly (notice that Howard Franklin Knight Jr.'s granddaughters Krystal L, Katelynn M. and Angela M. Knight were all in the custody and care of Dept. of Social Services - Child Protective Services in New York and Idaho) there seems to be "a reason" why Howard Franklin Knight Jr. went to California with Roger J. Deshanais in September 1992. I think it is pretty obvious that 1 + 1 = 2 here, and I do not need to explain any further or connect the documents for people to figure out that the historical picture doesn't need to be air-brushed around the edges to make it any uglier than it already has been painted by the parties (persons) already mentioned herein this post.