Indian Communities in the Eastern States, Indian Historian 1:15-19
History of the Missisco Valley. Irasburgh, Vt.: Orleans County Historical Society
Article, October 29, 1881, reprinted in Swanton Courier Nov. 12, 1942
The Indians, Dec. 4, 1913
Swanton Today, Dec. 4, 1913
Relics from Frink Grounds, Dec. 4, 1913
Growing up in Vermont, by Walter B. Scott, July 3, 1941-March 19, 1942. Found at MSS 25 #90, Vermont Historical Society, Barre, Vt.
The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 145, Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office
Swanton, Vermont, Town Clerk
1904-1920 Birth Records
We Have Not Vanished: Eastern Indians in the United States. Chicago: Follett Publishing Co.
The New England Indians. Typescript. File No. 671, U.S. Department of Interior, Office of Indian Affairs, Washington, D.C.
The Autobiography of a Criminal. Dover, N.H.: Samuel Bragg. Edited by Edmund Pearson. Reprint ed., New York: Duffield & Co.: 1930
Ulrich, Laurel Thatcher
The Age of Homespun: Objects and Stories in the Creation of an American Myth. New York: Alfred A. Knopf
U.S. Bureau of the Census1860a
Eighth Census of the United States, St. Albans, Vt., Franklin County
Eighth Census of the United States, Swanton, Vt., Franklin County
1870a Ninth Census ofthe United States, Highgate, Vt., Franklin County
1870b Ninth Census ofthe United States, Swanton Vt., Franklin County
1880 Tenth Census of the United States, Highgate, Vt., Franklin County
1900a Twelfth Census ofthe United States, Coldwell, N.Y., Warren County
1900b Twelfth Census ofthe United States, Luzerne, N.Y., Warren County
Instructions for Schedule 1, reprinted in 200 Years of US. Census Taking: Population and Housing Questions, 1790-1990, U.S. Bureau ofthe Census, Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office (1989)
Twelfth Census ofthe United States, Highgate, Vt., Franklin County 1900e Twelfth Census ofthe United States, Swanton, Vt., Franklin County
Thirteenth Census of the United States, St. Albans City, Vt., Franklin County
Published Compilations (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
Population of the United States in 1860; Compiled from the Original Returns of the Eighth Census. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office
The Statistics of the Population in the United States Embracing the Tables of Race, Nationality, Sex, selected Ages and Occupations from the Original Returns of the Ninth Census. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office
Report on Indians Taxed and Indians Not Taxed in the United States (Except Alaska) at the Eleventh Census: 1890. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office
Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900, Population, Part 1 Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office
Fourteenth Census of the United States, vol. III, Population 1920, Composition and Characteristics of the Population by States. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office
Published Compilations (U.S. Bureau of the Census) continued
Fifteenth Census of the United States: 930, Population, vol. III, Part 2. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office
Sixteenth Census ofthe United States, Population, Characteristics of the Population, vol. III, Part 7. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office
A Report of the Seventeenth Decennial Census of the United States, Census of the Population: 1950, vol. II, Characteristics of the Population, Part 45, Vermont. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office
The Eighteenth Decennial Census of the United States, Census of Population: 1960, vol. 1, Characteristics of the Population, Part 47, Vermont. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office
1970 Census of Population, vol. 1, Characteristics of the Population, Part 47, Vermont. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office
1980 Census of Population and Housing, Summary of Characteristics for Governmental Units and Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Vermont. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office
1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics, Vermont. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office
Indexes (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
Ninth Census of the United States, Vermont 1870, Census Index, Vermont 1870. Family Quest CD-ROM, Heritage Quest
Tenth Census ofthe United States, 1880. Census Index, Vermont. Salt Lake City: Latter Day Saints CD-ROM
U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs
Memorandum Regarding Addendum C of Abenaki Petition, by Aldo Salerno, Oct. 23, 2001
U.S. Military, Local Registration Boards
World War I Draft Registration cards. National Archives, Washington, D.C.
Vermont Historical Society
[Biographical Note] Vermont Historical Society, News and Notes, 23 (November, 1959)
Vermont Historical Society continued
[Biographical Note], Vermont History 36:106
Museum Collection and Loans identification sheet for item 1983.12. la-b
Abenaki in Vermont, A History Kit for Students and Their Teachers, Montpelier, Vt.: Vermont Historical Society
Editorial, December 1976
Immigration of French Canadians to New England, 1840-1900: A Geographical Analysis. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin
French-Canadian Settlement in Vermont Prior to the Civil War, The Professional Geographer, 23:290
Wallace , Anthony F. C.
Photographs of Indian Village—Lake George. Wallace Family Collection, series IX. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, Pa.
Wells, Frederic Palmer
History of Barnet, Vt. Burlington, Vt.: Free Press Printing Co.
Wiseman, Frederick Matthew
Voice ofthe Dawn: An Autohistory ofthe Abenaki Nation
The New Vermont Eugenics Survey: William E. Griffin, Eve Jacobs-Carnahan and The Abenakis, A Press Packet/ February 18, 2002
Works Progress Administration
Vermont: A Guide to the Green Mountain State. Boston: Houghton Mifflin
Legal AuthoritiesFederal Court Cases
Montoya v. United States, 180 U.S. 261 (1901)
Mashpee Tribe v. New Seabury Corp., 592 F.2d 575 (1st Cir. 1979), cert. denied, 444 U.S. 866 (1979) and 464 U.S. 866 (1983)
United States v. Washington, 641 F.2d 1368 (9th Cir. 1981), cert. denied, 454 U.S. 1143 (1982)
United Houma Nation v. Babbitt, 1997 WL 403425 (D.D.C. 1997)
Miami Nation of Indians of Indiana v. Babbitt, 112 F. Supp. 2d 742 (N.D. Ind. 2000), aff'd, Miami Nation of Indians v. U.S. Dept. of Interior 255 F.3d. 342 (7th Cir. 2001)
Vermont Court Case
State v. Elliott, 159 Vt. 102, 616 A.2d 210 (1992) U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs Decisions
U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs Decisions
Narragansett Indian Tribe of Rhode Island, Proposed Finding (July 1982)
Southeastern Cherokee Confederacy, Inc., et al., Proposed Finding (March 1985)
Southeastern Cherokee Confederacy, Inc., et al., Final Determination, 50 Fed. Reg. 39047 (Sept. 26, 1985)
Wampanoag Tribal Council of Gay Head, Inc., Final Determination (Feb. 1987)
MaChris Lower Alabama Creek Indian Tribe, Inc., Proposed Finding (August 27, 1987)
Miami Nation of Indians of the State of Indiana, Inc., Summary Under the Criteria for Final Determination Against Federal Acknowledgment
Mohegan Tribe of Indians of the State of Connecticut, Final Determination
U.S. Indian Affairs Decisions continued
Jena Band of Choctaw, Proposed Finding, Summary Under the Criteria (Sept. 1994)
United Houma Nation, Inc., Summary Under the Criteria and Evidence for Proposed Finding Against Federal Acknowledgment
Huron Potawatomi, Inc., Proposed Finding, Summary Under the Criteria
Duwamish Tribal Organization, Summary Under the Criteria for Proposed Finding Against Acknowledgment (June 1996)
Little Shell Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana, Proposed Finding
Steilacoom Tribe of Indians, Notice of Proposed Finding Against Federal Acknowledgment, 65 Fed. Reg. 5 880 (Feb. 7, 2000)
Duwamish Tribal Organization, Final Determination (Sept. 2001) 2001 Nipmuc Nation (#69A), Proposed Finding (Sept. 2001)
Ohlone/Costanoan Muwekma Tribe, Proposed Finding (August 2001)
Webster/Dudley Band of Chaubunagungamaug Nipmuc Indians (#69B), Proposed Finding (Sept. 2001)
Chinook Indian Tribe, Notice of Reconsidered Final Determination, 67 Fed. Reg. 46204 (July 12, 2002)
United States Federal Regulations and Federal Register Notices on Same
Procedures for Establishing That an American Indian Group Exists as an Indian Tribe, 25 C.F.R. Part 83
Procedures for Establishing That an American Indian Group Exists as an Indian Tribe; Proposed Rule, 56 Fed. Reg. 47320-47330 (Sept. 18, 1991)
Procedures for Establishing That an American Indian Group Exists as an Indian Tribe; Final Rule, 59 Fed. Reg. 9280-9300 (Feb. 25, 1994)
AFFIDAVIT OF JOHN ALEXANDER DICKINSON
NOW COMES John Alexander Dickinson and duly swears upon oath as follows:
1. I, John A. Dickinson, am a full Professor of History at the Universite de Montreal located in Quebec, Canada.
2. I obtained my Ph.D. in History from the University of Toronto in Ontario, Canada, in 1977, where I concentrated on the history of New France.
3. I have researched and written books and articles on the history of New France (Quebec) in the 17th, 18th and early 19th centuries. My research has focused on the interactions between Amerindians and Europeans and the socioeconomic history of the 17th and 18th centuries. As I am fluent in both French and English, I have written and published works in both languages.
4. I have taught courses at the university level on the history of preindustrial Canada to 1850, the early history of New France (Quebec), Native history, and early historiography.
5. A true and accurate copy of my curriculum vitae listing my professional experience and publications is attached as Attachment A.
6. I have reviewed pages 1 through 70 of the historical narrative of the "Petition for Federal Recognition as an American Indian Tribe submitted to the Bureau of Indian Affairs by the Abenaki Nation of Vermont dated October 1982," along with Appendices A [Robertson's Lease], B [the Case of Capt. Louis Outalmagouin], and C [Iroquois Land Claims to Vermont] to that petition.
7. Upon request of the Vermont Attorney General's Office, I reviewed those documents for general accuracy. In addition I addressed the following questions: Did Abenaki Indians leave Vermont around the time of the American Revolution, or did they go into hiding within the state? From 1791 to 1840, was
Mississquoi a political or community center for the Abenaki or was the center located in Quebec at Odanak (St. Francis)? Does the existence of religious records in Chambly, Quebec, indicate that there was a large settlement of Abenaki at Mississquoi or could it indicate that there were Abenaki in Quebec near Chambly?
8. I prepared a report containing my opinion on the issues in paragraph 7. That report is attached hereto as Attachment B.
9. I also prepared an addendum to the report, specifically addressing the relationship between the Abenaki at St. Francis and Mississquoi. That addendum is attached hereto as Attachment C.
10. Both the report and the addendum in Attachments B and C are based on my extensive knowledge of the history of New France and New England in the 17th through early 19th centuries, my professional research in those areas, and my review of the documents listed in paragraph 6 above.
John Alexander Dickinson
Serment prete devant/Oath taken before
name and position or quality